Monday, November 30, 2015

Americans As Canadian Liberators?

From Nov. 28, 2015, Vox "A pig almost caused the US and UK to go to war"  An interview with Kevin Lippert "War Plan Red."

More than one American commander believed that Canadians would welcome U.S. troops as liberators there to overthrow the British rule and would be extremely grateful.

Others felt invading Canada would be easy since it didn't have a standing army and was essentially a collection of backwoodsmen.Kevin Lippert describes the War of 1812 as being "one sorry Keystone Cop episode after another.


Saturday, November 28, 2015

The Other 9 Canadian Heroes (Well, 10)

In case you're wondering about the other 9 heroes:

Elsie MacGill--  World War II

Talbot Mercer Papineau--  World War I

Billy Bishop--  World War I

General Arthur Currie--  World War I

Margaret MacDonald--  World War I

Sir William Stephenson--  World War II

Tommy Prince--  World War II

Leo Major--  World War II

Charles Henry Byce--  World War II

George McLean--  World War I

Of course, Britain and Canada refer to the wars as First World War and Second World War.


11 Canadian War Heroes

From the Nov. 9, 2015, Huffington Post Canada "11 Canadian War Heroes We Can't Forget on November 11" by Jesse Ferreras.

Two of them were from the War of 1812.


Laura Secord walked more than 30 kilometers and into Canadian history after she overheard talk of an American attack on the British at Beaver Dams in the War of 1812.  She managed to warn the English and their Mohawk allies, who were able to prepare for the attack and defeat the Americans.


Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, became a hero in the War of 1812 for his instrumental role in forcing an American surrender.  He helped British Gen. Isaac Brock attack Detroit by leading his own men through a forested area, as the English approached directly.  Today, he's considered a folk hero.

I am kind of surprised that Isaac Brock wasn't on the list.


Thursday, November 26, 2015

Remembering the Decisive Battle of Crysler's Farm

From theNov. 11, 2015, Standard-Freeholder.

An informal observance was held at the battlefield by the friends of the Crysler's Farm Battlefield.  This wa the site of a crucial and key victory in November 11, 1813, which saved Canada from American conquest.
First Nations warriors helped save the day as well.

The farm belonged to John Crysler where Lt.Col Joseph Morrison with 8u00 British and Canadian regulars, militia and First Nations men engaged some 4,000 Americans and won, stopping a thrust at Montreal.

This, along with another victory over the Americans in late October at Chateauguay, saved Canada from conquest in 1813.


Monday, November 23, 2015

Sam Houston's War of 1812 Service-- Part 2: A Sense of Honor

I found in one source that Sam Houston reportedly forced another lieutenant at the point of his sword to remove the arrow in the midst of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

The same source said that it was hard for him to get his mother's permission to join the Army because he was too young, but, eventually Elizabeth caved in, signed the paper and gave her son two gifts: a gold ring and a musket.

The ring had the word "honor" inscribed inside it.  He wore that ring until his death.

With the musket, Elizabeth said " son, take this musket and never disgrace it; for remember, I had rather all my sons should fill one honorable grave, than that one of them should turn their back to save his life.  Go, and remember, too, that while the door of my cottage is open to brave men, it is eternally shut against cowardice."

Apparently, young Sam took these words to heart.


Sunday, November 22, 2015

Sam Houston's War of 1812 Service-- Part 1: Camp Blount, Tennessee

From Wikipedia.

In the last post I mentioned that Sam Houston, much better known for his role in the history of Texas, was in Col. John Williams' 39th U.S. Infantry.  I did some more research on his role in the War of 1812.

(March 2, 1793-July 26, 1863)

In 1813 he reported for training at Camp Blount near present-day Fayetteville, Tennessee, and enlisted.  By December, he had transferred to the 39th U.S. Infantry and had risen from private to third lieutenant.

At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, he was wounded by a Creek arrow in the groin.  The wound was bandaged and he returned to the battle.  General Andrew Jackson called for volunteers to dislodge the Indians from their breastworks and Houston was eager to go.  He suffered bullet wounds in the arm and shoulder, but his men drove the Creeks away.

Afterwards, he returned to Marysville, Tennessee, as a disabled veteran but took advantage of the Army's offer of free surgery and convalesced  in a New Orleans hospital.

Andrew Jackson was impressed with Sam Houston's bravery and the two became close friends and Jackson acted as his mentor.


Saturday, November 21, 2015

Col. John Williams of the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment-- Part 2

In the War of 1812, John Williams raised a small company of 200-250 volunteers, primarily from Tennessee and Georgia, with the intention of invading Florida and attacking the Seminoles.  They invaded Florida in February 1813 and destroyed several Indian villages.  They returned to Tennessee where they were mustered out.

In June 1813, Williams was commissioned into the U.S. Army and ordered to recruit and organize the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment.  They were charged with engaging the Red Stick Creeks Indians.  Williams raised 600 troops for his regiment.

Early in 1814, they were placed under General Andrew Jackson's command, who was preparing for an expedition against the Red Sticks in Alabama.  They met at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend where the 39th formed the center of Jackson's line and captured the log barricades the Creeks had fortified along the riverbed and forced them to retreat..

Among the soldiers in the 39th were future Arkansas senator Thomas Hart Benton and future governor of Tennessee and Texas, Sam Houston.

After the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Williams went to Washington, D.C., to raise money and weapons for the 39th.  Throughout the rest of 1814, Jackson and Williams bickered over the dispersal of those weapons.,leading to them being adversaries after the war.

In 1815, he was chosen to fill Tennessee's senate seat and later won it on his own.


Colonel John Williams of the 39th U.S. Infantry-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

(January 28, 1778-August 10, 1837)

Lawyer, soldier and U.S. senator 1815-1823.  Lost that re-election to Andrew Jackson.

Served as colonel of the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment in the Creek War and played a key role in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on March 27, 1814.

Born in North Carolina and studied law in Salisbury in that state.  Captain of the 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment 1799-1801 and then relocated to Knoxville, Tennessee, and practiced law there.  In 1807, was appointed to be Tennessee's attorney general.

(I looked up the 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment and found that it was created in 1813.)


Friday, November 20, 2015

39th U.S. Infantry Regiment-- Part 2: Battle of Horseshoe Bend

At the Battle of Horseshoe bend, Jackson placed the 39th (because they were the best-trained) at the center of his attacking force.  They were engaged in some of the heaviest fighting and suffered 20 killed and 52 wounded, although these numbers are questioned as some say considerably more were casualties.

It is said that the Creeks lost more in that one day at Horseshoe bend than they did in all of the Indian wars.

As a result of the battle, they conceded more than a million acres to the United States.

I did not come across any mention of the regiment being with Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans.

In 1815, at the end of the war, the regiment was consolidated with the 8th and 24th regiments to form the 7th Infantry Regiment.  The flag of the 39th was given to Colonel Williams and is now on display at the East Tennessee History center in Knoxville. It was embroidered with the handiwork of Col. Williams' sister-in-law Mary Williams.


Thursday, November 19, 2015

39th Infantry Regiment (War of 1812)-- Part 1: Mainly a Tennessee Regiment

From Wikipedia.

This was the regiment in which Gen. Nathaniel Smith served as a lieutenant during the war.

Regular U.S. Army regiment authorized January 29, 1813.  recruited in the east by Col. John Williams of Tennessee and commanded by him.  Col. Williams had previously led the Mounted Volunteers of Tennessee from the eastern region of the state.

On December 31, 1813, he was ordered by Major General Thomas Pinckney to join Andrew Jackson in the Creek War.  Jackson war,y welcomed the 39th as he was having serious problems with the discipline of his militia and volunteers.


San Jacinto Texans Buried at Fort Houston Cemetery

From the Fort Houston Cemetery site.

Yesterday I mentioned these two men as being buried at the soldiers' section at the Fort Houston Cemetery in Texas along with General Nathaniel Smith, War of 1812 veteran.

JOHN W. CARPENTER--  Veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto.  Born Sept. 25, 1806 and died Oct. 12, 1838.  Killed about four miles east of Palestine in an Indian skirmish prior to the main Battle of Kickapoo, brought back to Fort Houston Cemetery and buried there.

JAMES WILSON--  Veteran San Jacinto.  Died of yellow fever in Houston September 8, 1844.

Also buried at the cemetery:

WILLIAM FROST--  The last white man killed by Indians in Anderson County.  Killed near the Trinity River at West Point sometime during the latter part of February 1841.  Son-in-law of pioneer Joseph Jordan, who donated the land for the town and cemetery.


Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Fort Houston Cemetery

From the historical plaque at the cemetery.

In 1835, 500 acres were donated for the town of Houston, later known as Fort Houston.  Part of this also included a public burying ground.

The first reported burial was an infant child.  The oldest marked grave is that of Dr. James Hunter dated 1840.

This cemetery is the only remaining physical evidence of the town which was abandoned after Palestine became county seat of Anderson County in 1846.

Burials in the cemetery often included victims of disease, Indian massacres and hardships that went along with life on the frontier.  A special soldiers' plot, marked by a large boulder, contains soldiers of the Texas Republic.

Two of them fought at the Battle of San Jacinto: John W. Carpenter and James Wilson, are buried in unmarked graves..

The final resting spot of General Nathaniel Smith, a veteran of the War of 1812, also is in the soldiers' plot.


Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 4: General Nathaniel Smith

From Find-A-Grave.

General Nathaniel Smith.  Born 1791 in Athens, Tennessee.  Died September 17, 1841, in Anderson County, Texas.

A bronze War of 1812 marker was once at his grave but disappeared in 1939.

Military Service:

Ensign, Tennessee Volunteers 1812-1813
Lieutenant, Tennessee Volunteers 1813
Lieutenant, 39th U.S. Infantry 1813-1816
Colonel, Tennessee Volunteers 1836.  Discharged a a colonel 1837.
Supervised the Cherokee Indian removal to Indian Territory 1837-1839

Served with Sam Houston and developed a long-lasting friendship.
Served with Andrew Jackson in the 1836 Seminole War.

The State of Tennessee issued Nathaniel Smith 18 land grants of 180 acres each for his military service.
Trustee of the Forest Hill Academy in Tennessee from 1826-1836.
Arrived at Fort Houston in September 1839.

At some point the Texas U.S. Daughters of 1812 dedicated a marker for him at the cemetery on Nov. 9.  This was done by the Capt. James Asbury Tait Chapter.


Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 3: General Nathaniel Smith

SMITH, GENERAL NATHANIEL  (1791-1841)  Buried at Palestine.

War of 1812 veteran.  As young lieutenant in 39th U.S. Infantry fought at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend along with Sam Houston and later in the Seminole War with Andrew Jackson.

I came across correspondence from a Gen. Nathaniel Smith who was Superintendent of Cherokee Indian Removal from 1837-1838.  Could be one in the same.  he certainly would have had connections.


Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 2: Adam Smith, Killed By Indians

RUNNELS, HIRAM-- (1796-1857)   Buried in Houston.

SMITH, ADAM TRIGG--  (1796-1841) Buried at Newcastle.  Killed by Indians while in service with the Texas Rangers.

SMITH, EZEKIAL--  (1781-1854)  Buried at Seguin.  Born in Virginia.

SMITH, ISHAM--  (1791-1867)  Buried at Gonzales County.  Veteran of Texas Revolution and Mexican War.

SMITHER, JOHN  (1779-1860)  Buried at Huntsville.  From Virginia.


Monday, November 16, 2015

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 1

From Texas 1812 Veterans site by Find-A-Grave.

While looking up the Waco veterans in the previous post, I came across this site which listed 155 War of 1812 veterans buried in Texas.  I went to the last page and looked up the names on the list.  Several of these men signed the Texas Declaration of Independence as well as the Texas Revolution.

ROBERTS, JOHN S.-- (1796-1871)  Signer of Texas Declaration of Independence.  Buried Nachagdoches.

ROBERTSON, STERLING--  (Oct. 2, 1785-March 4, 1842)  Born in Nashville, Tennessee.  Buried Austin.  Signer of Texas Declaration of Independence.  Fought at battle of New Orleans.  In 1825 received permission from Mexico to settle in Mexican Texas.  Brought 600 families with him.

ROBERTSON, STERLING CLACK--  Born and died same date so I think this is the same man listed twice.

ROWE, ROBERT--  (1793-1869)  Buried at Round Rock.


Early Waco Settlers Had Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Ties

From the Nov. 10, 2014, Waco (Texas) Trib by Regina Davis.

Seven War of 1812 veterans are buried in McLennon County.

One was the Rev. William C. Buck, first lieutenant in Virginia's 2nd Regiment.  He was later a classical language scholar and Baptist minister while living in Central Texas.  He is buried at the First Street Cemetery.

Obituaries in Waco's early newspapers also mention the War of 1812 in connection toJohn McBride, G.W.Clayton, Col. William Nally and L. Cagle as being buried in McLennon County.  These, however, are not documented.

Two other War of 1812 veterans listed are Edward Kellum Sr. and Rev. Silas Witt.


Saturday, November 14, 2015

War of 1812 Veteran Honoured-- Part 2: After the War

In case you're wondering, honoured is the British spelling.

Col. Vrooman and his two brothers came to Brock Township in 1821 and spent eight years clearing land there before registering for deed.  In 1822, he married Jane Purdy of Cobourg and had 7 children. She died in 1838 and he married Rhoda Johnsonas Manilla and had 10 more children.

He was a farmer for most of his life but interested in politics and held various public offices.  He helped develop Vroomanton as a community before dying Sept. 4, 1871 at the age of 75.  He is buried at St. James.


War of 1812 Veteran Honoured in 2014-- Part 1: Col. James Vrooman

From the Nov. 13, 2014, My by Scott Howard.

The heroism of Brook Township's Col. James Vrooman was recognized on the plaque installed at his grave at St. James United Church in Vroomanton.  The colonel's father, Adam, though living in the American colonies, remained loyal to Britain.

He later left the United States and came to Canada as a United Empire Loyalist.

Jame Vrooman was born in 1798 and joined the Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles along with his brother when the War of 1812 started.  He fought in many battles throughout Upper Canada.  Among them were the capture of the American Army at St. Regis, the storming of Ogdensburg, Raid on Oswego and the Battle of Lundy's Lane.

At the end of the war, every British veteran was awarded land.


Friday, November 13, 2015

Original Fort Recovery Plan Found

From the Nov. 17, 2014, Daily standard (Celina, Ohio) "Original 1793 fort plan found."  For Fort recovery.

The original construction plan for Fort recovery has been found according to an announcement by the Fort recovery Nazerine Church family Center.

It was likely drawn by American General Anthony Wayne.  The plat was sent in a December 22, 1793, letter to Henry Burbeck, who commanded the artillery in the Wayne Legion.

The discovery was made at the University of Michigan's Clements Library while researchers were sorting through Burbeck's papers.

According to the Fort recovery State Museum, the original plat was destroyed when Washington was burned in 1814.

The fort was built in 1793 at the site of General Arthur St. Clair's disasterous defeat by the Indians.  The fort consisted of a square 32-foot wall and a 22-foot blockhouse and as many as 300 soldiers could garrison it.


Thursday, November 12, 2015

Home of Kentucky's William Brown to be Torn Down

From the Nov. 17, 2014, State Journal, Frankfort, Kentucky "200 Year Old Home of Congressman and War of 1812 veteran to be demolished."

The Harrison County Fiscal Court voted to demolish the home of U.S. Congressman and War of 1812 veteran Colonel William Brown.  It sits in the middle of Flat Run Veterans Park and they want a swimming pool on the site.

The home looks rough on the outside but structurally sound.

During the War of 1812, he commanded a Kentucky regiment and worked closely with Henry Clay on the Missouri Compromise..  he and his family had connections to the Todd/Lincoln families as well.

I would hate to see it torn down, especially for a pool.


Honoring Our Veterans: Washington, D.C., Memorials-- Part 2

The starkly moving Vietnam veterans memorial features black granite walls inscribed with the names of more than 58,209 Americans missing or killed in the war.  Also on the site is Frederick Hart's life-size bronze sculpture depicting three young servicemen.  The memorial is free and open 24 hours.

Objects left at the wall are taken to a special storage facility.

The Vietnam Women's memorial is located in a grove of trees across from the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  The 2,000 pound bronze statue depicts three service women and one wounded soldier.

There is also a World War I memorial to honor men who served from the Washington, D.C. area on the National mall, but increasing calls are being made for a regular memorial to be erected.


Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Honoring Our Veterans: Washington, D.C., Memorials-- Part 1

From the Nov. 6, 2015, Chicago Tribune "Of Thee We Sing."

It is kind of surprising that there are no War of 1812 Memorials in our nation's capital.

Beyond the monuments and memorials to the nation's iconic presidents in Washington, D.C., there are memorials in bronze and marble and granite that mark the nation's wars and those who served.

The Korean War Veterans Memorial Advisory is located on a 2.2 acre site adjacent to the Lincoln memorial Reflecting Pool.  It features a sculptured column of soldiers arrayed for combat and a 164-foot mural wall inscribed with the words, "Freedom Is Not Free," and is etched with 2,500 photographic images of nurses, chaplains, crew chiefs, mechanics and other support personnel.  Open daily 8 a.m. to midnight.  Free.

Located between the Washington Monument and Lincoln memorial, the National World War II memorial honors the 16 million who served during World War II and those who supported the war effort from home.  The memorial features two 43-foot arches, a 17-foot pillar for each state and territory from that period and a field of 4,000 gold stars honoring the 400,000 Americans who died.

A series of bronze sculpture panels depict Americans at war, at home and overseas.  Open daily except Christmas.  Free.


Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Canada Recognizes Supply Route, Nine Mile Portage and Willow Depot

From the Dec. 1, 2014, Digital Journal "Harper Government recognizes the National Historic Significance of the War of 1812 Supply Route, Nine Mile Portage and Willow Depot" Canadian Newswire for Simcoe County.

The War of 1812 Nine Mile Portage and Willow Depot were an important supply route that was crucial in provisioning the British post at Fort Michilimackinac especially after its supply route was cut with the American control of Lake Erie and recapture of Detroit in 1813.

These enabled the British to retain control of the Upper Great Lakes.

**  Nine Mile Portage was a trail from Kempenfelt Bay on Lake Superior to Willow Creek, a tributary of the Nottawasaga River which flows into Georgian Bay at Wasaga Beach.

**  Willow Depot was on high ground about a mile from Willow Creek and was built as a storage and transhipment post for goods coming over the portage.


Pittsylvania County's Role in War of 1812

From the Dec. 11, 2014, Go Dan Danville, Virginia "Author explores Pittsylvania County's role in the War of 1812" by Susan Elsey.

Author Larry Aaron has written eight books and his latest "Pittsylvania County and the War of 1812" is in its sixth printing.  he gave three reasons for writing it:

1.  The Bicentennial of the war.

2.  His third great grandfather was in Samuel Calland's artillery company at Craney Island.

3.  He wanted to investigate Pittsylvania County's role.
Some facts:

**  Lt. Samuel Hairston, owner of Oak Hill Plantation, was one of the South's largest slave owners.  He saw action on the Northern frontier and the Invasion of Canada.

**  More than 15 militia companies were from Pittsylvania County and served in the Chesapeake Bay area and the defense of Norfolk, Va..

**  Virginia suffered more than any other state than New York and Louisiana.

**  Dolley Madison was the second cousin of Walter Coles.


Monday, November 9, 2015

American Veterans Honored at Princess Anne Service

From the Nov. 10, 2014, Delmarva Now "War of 1812 veterans honored at Princess Anne service" by Jeremy Cox.

The 15-star U.S. flags were placed on the graves.  Each star represented a U.S. state.  Also, each star represented one Somerset Country War of 1812 veteran.  The flags were planted at three cemeteries and at each one a brief prayer was said and "Taps" played.

This was done by the Somerset War of 1812 Committee after researching for the graves in preparation for the War of 1812 Bicentennial.  So far, they have located 80 graves, but there are probably more because just Maryland militia rosters have been used so far.

Probably the best-known of the veterans was Joshua Thomas, a Methodist minister called the "Parson of the Islands."  In September 1814, he gave a sermon to British troops and officers in which he told them they would be defeated at Baltimore.

Thomas is buried at Deal Island.


Battlefield Tour of Iowa's Credit Island Offered in 2013-- Part 2

Among the participants at the Battle of Credit Island was future president of the United States Zachary Taylor and Sauk Warrior Black Hawk.

Zachary Taylor led the Americans from St. Louis and had the objective of destroying Sauk and Fox Indian villages, who were aiding the British.  Badly outnumbered, Taylor was forced to withdraw.

The battlefield tour will be at 3 p.m..

Commonwealth Cultural resources Group, Inc. is doing archaeological research and military terrain analysis on Credit Island.

In 2012, the City of Davenport received a $47,105 grant from the Department of the Interior's National Park Service for the study.


Saturday, November 7, 2015

Battlefield Tour of Iowa's Credit Island Offered in 2013-- Part 1

From the November 9, 2013, Quad-City Times (Davenport, Iowa) "Researcher invites you to battlefield tour of Credit island" by Alma Gant.

Davenport has the distinction as the westernmost site of a War of 1812 battle..  Two lectures were given on this battle on November 11, 2013.

It was fought in September 1814, one of only two battles west of the Mississippi River, the other being at Fort Madison, Iowa.

The Battle of Credit island was fought between 335 Americans in eight fortified keelboats who fought 1,200 Indians on both banks of the Mississippi River assisted by 26-30 British soldiers with one 3-pdr light cannon and two 1-pdr. swivel guns.

it was fought on Credit and Pelican islands.


Cornwall, Upper Canada, in the War

From the November 9, 2013, Seaway News (Canada) "Visual reminder of Cornwall's role in the War of 1812" by Adam Brazeau.

Hostile Americans forced the evacuation of Cornwall after the defeat at Crysler's Farm.

A plaque has been placed in front of the United Counties building on Water Street by the SD&G Historical Society.

Its inscription:


"The United Counties west of Cornwall were invaded by American forces in November of 1813.  On November 11, American cavalry also occupied Cornwall, which had been deemed indefensible by British authorities.

"The King's Stores, situated near the present site of the Court House, had been brimming with war materials which were removed to the St. Andrew's area in 150 wagons.  With the stores then empty, Cornwall was plundered by the invading American troops.

"At the same time the bulk of the American army was being defeated at the Battle of Crysler's Farm by Canadian and British forces.  This defeat led to the withdrawal of 2,000 American invaders."


Friday, November 6, 2015

War of 1812 Veterans Honored in 2013

From the November 5, 2013, Delmarva Now by Liz Holland.

They will be honored on Veterans Day.  A ceremony was held at 1 p.m. at the American Legion Post 94 in Princess Anne.  Then there was a procession to three local cemeteries to place flags on the War of 1812 raves.

Some of the veterans honored had famous local names, including Dashiell, Phoebus, Jones and Long.


David Powell Price, Royal Navy

From Wikipedia

David Powell Price 1790-1854.  One-time commander of the Pacific Station.  Joined the Royal Navy in 1801 and served in the Napoleonic Wars.  His first command was the bomb vessel HMS Volcano.  He was severely wounded 24 December 1814 at New Orleans.


Thursday, November 5, 2015

Bomb Vessel HMS Volcano-- Part 2

After the Battle of Baltimore, the Volcano served on the Potomac River.  On October 31, 1814, while escorting a merchantman to Jamaica, it was nearly captured by the 7-gun privateer Saucy Jack.

It was then sent to the Mississippi River with the bomb vessel HMS Aetna, and the HMS Herald (18 guns), HMS Thistle (12 guns), HMS Pygmy (11 guns).  They participated in the bombardment of Fort St. Philip, downriver from New Orleans.

After the retreat from New Orleans, it sailed the Gulf Coast and in the siege of Fort Bowyer by Molbile.

It was sold at Dortsmouth 28 August 1816.


Bomb Vessel HMS Volcano (1804)-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

Origianally the merchant vessel Heron, purchased by the Royal Navy in 1804 and became the HMS Heron.  During the Napoleonic Wars it served as a convoy escort vessel on the Leeward Islands Station.

In 1810 it was converted into a bomb vessel and renamed the HMS Volcano and served during the War of 1812 and participated in the Battle of Baltimore (which led to "The Star-Spangled Banner").  It was sold in 1816.

Commander David Powell Price assumed command of it 6 December 1813.  In the summer of 1814, it was sent to North America and joined Sir Alexander Cochrane's fleet off Baltimore harbor.  It was one of 19 British vessels that bombarded Fort McHenry.  The Volcano and other bomb vessels launched over 1500 bombs.  However, only 4 Americans were killed and 24 wounded.


Wednesday, November 4, 2015

War of 1812 British Bomb Vessels-- Part 2

Bomb vessels were built with really strong hulls.  Some were later fitted out for Arctic and Antarctic exploration.

The "Bombs Burst in Air" at the Battle of Baltimore in 1814 was provided by the bomb vessels Volcano, Meteor, devastation, Aetna and the Terror.

Bomb vessels also comprised part of the British force that attacked Fort St. Phillip on the Mississippi River at the end of the war in what became known as the Siege of Ft. Philip.


War of 1812 Bomb Vessels-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

Also called Bomb Ships and Bomb Ketches.  Primary weapon was the mortar  bomb.

By the 1800s, British bomb vessels were designed as full-rigged ships with three masts and two mortars.  Mortars back then were the only kind of naval armament to fire explosive shells instead of solid shot.

This is where Francis Scott Key got his "Bombs bursting in air."

Bomb vessels were usually accompanied by a tender to carry the ammunition  Being assigned to one of these ships, either the tender of bomb vessel was considered to be very dangerous work because of these shells and the reinforcing for the mortar platforms which made the ship unstable.

British bomb vessels were traditionally given the names of volcanoes or a name suggesting an explosive quality.


Tuesday, November 3, 2015

New Monument Pays Tribute to War Chief Tecumseh

From the October 5, 2015, Chatham (Canada) Daily News "Monument pays tribute to war chief who died October 3, 1813, at Battle of the Thames" by David Gough.

It was unveiled October 5 at Walpole Island on Veterans monument.  It has been planned for 80 years.

Tecumseh was a war chief, orator and statesman and didn't like the United States because of what that country was doing to Indian lands.  Today, his monument faces the United States across the St. Clair River.

His remains became available in the 1930s and Walpole Island veterans raised funds to construct a cairn for them.  Those remains were placed in it in 1940.


Stephen Decatur and the Second Barbary War-- Part 3

On June 17, 1815, Decatur's fleet captured the Algerian frigate and flagship Mashouda in the Battle Off Cape Gata after a short engagement and two broadsides into the ship.  Four Americans were killed and 10 wounded.  Algerian casualties were 30 killed, many wounded and 406 captured.

The helped convince the Bey of Algiers to come to terms with Decatur and end the war.


Monday, November 2, 2015

Stephen Decatur and the Second Barbary War-- Part 2: Decatur's Fleet

From Wikipedia.

Wikipedia did not list the USS Saranac as being in Decatur's fleet.    Either a mistake on its part, or, it was with Bainbridge's fleet or maybe it didn't go at all.

Decatur's fleet was interesting as it consisted of two previously captured British ships.and the flagship was named for one the USS Constitution had sunk.


USS Guerriere, 44 guns.   Flagship.  Named after the HMS Guerriere.  Capt. William Lewis
USS Constellation, 36 guns,  Capt. Charles Gordon
USS  Macedonian, 38 guns.  Captured from British.  Capt. Jacob Jones


USS Epervier.  Captured bu USS Peacock.  Captain John Downes.  This ship disappeared carrying dispatches regarding the surrender of the Dey of Algiers after the war was over.
USS Ontario, 16 guns.  Capt. Jesse D. Elliott


USS Firefly, 14 guns.  Lt. George W. Rodgers
USS Spark, 14 guns.  Lt. Thomas Gamble
USS Flambeau, 14 guns.  John B. Nicholson


USS  Torch, 12 guns.  Lt. Walcott Chauncey
USS  Spitfire, 12 guns.  Lt. Alexander J. Dallas

But No Saranac.  --Brock-Perry

Stephen Decatur and the Second Barbary War-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

On Friday I wrote about the USS Saranac which accompanied Stephen Decatur to the Mediterranean Sea in what became known as the Second Barbary War.  Again, I have not been able to find out much about this ship, but decided to at least find out something about the war it fought in back then.

Once the War of 1812 was over, it became necessary for the U.S. Navy to again turn its attention to the Mediterranean Sea where the Barbary pirates were once again harassing and capturing American merchant ships and holding them for ransom.

On February 23, 1815, President James Madison asked Congress for a declaration of war against them and it became so on March 2.

Two squadrons were assembled, one under Decautur at New York and the other at Boston under William Bainbridge.  Decatur's fleet of ten ships (one of which was the USS Saranac) was ready first and left for Algiers on May 20, 1815.