Friday, April 29, 2016

Last Survivor of the Battle of Fort Stephenson: -- Part 1

From the Proceedings at the Unveiling of the Soldiers Monument on the Site of Fort Stephenson, 1885.

Sgt. William Gaines is the only surviving soldier from the Battle of Fort Stephenson 72 years ago.  He later became a sergeant in the Army and now lives at Wilson Station, Ellsworth County, Kansas.  An invitation was offered for him to attend the dedication but he declined because of age and infirmities.

William Gaines was born in Frederick, Maryland, on December 25, 1799.  His parents were natives of Virginia.  In 1810, he went with his uncle, Col. Davis, to Lexington, Kentucky, where the uncle raised a regiment in the Indian War of 1811.  They joined General William Henry Harrison.

William went with his uncle to take care of the uncle's horse.  His uncle, unfortunately, was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

Pretty Young to Be Without a Guardian.  --Brock-Perry

Thursday, April 28, 2016

A Member of Col. Mills Stephenson's Regiment: Jacob Flaugher

From WikiTree


Born July 11, 1785, in
Franklin County, Pennsylvania.  Married Anna Wilson, December 25, 1813, in Mason County, Kentucky.

Died February 4, 1881 at age 95 in Huntington Township, Brown County, Ohio.

Buried Flaugher Family Cemetery in Ripley, Ohio.  This cemetery is on private property off Marker Hill Road.

Born in Pennsylvania and moved with his family to Kentucky.  In the War of 1812, he served in Martin's Company, Col. Mills Stephenson's Regiment, Ohio Militia.  They were stationed at Sanduskey, Ohio.  While there, they constructed Fort Stephenson by order of Governor Meigs.


Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Macomb, Illinois, Celebrates General Macomb's Birthday-- Part 2

The future Macdonough County was part of the Military Tract of 1812 that Congress set aside as payment to soldiers in the War of 1812.  This was an attempt to get families moving to the frontier.  Many of them and their heirs were unwilling to relocate and sold their land warrants to speculators.

Nearby to Macomb is Old Fort Madison which was attacked by Indians allied with the British during the War of 1812.  The original fort was abandoned and burned by the U.S. Army in 1813 when they ran out of food due to a contractor sending them unsafe food.  A reproduction of the fort has been built in Riverview Park in Ft. Madison, Iowa.


Monday, April 25, 2016

Macomb, Illinois, Celebrates General Macomb's Birthday-- Part 1

From the April 4, 2016, Western Courier (Macomb, Illinois) "Community celebrates General Macomb;s birthday" by Tabi Joswick.

The Western Illinois Museum, Macomb Area Convention and Visitors Center and City of Macomb hosted a birthday celebration for the city's namesake, General Alexander Macomb.   He was a War of 1812 hero best known for his victory at the Battle of Plattsburgh on September 11, 1814.

Though outnumbered, he used his Army Corps of Engineers to create dead end fake roads that caused British troops to get lost.  Commander Thomas Macdonough, namesake of Macdonough County (where Macomb is located) led the naval Battle of Lake Champlain which took place adjacent to the Battle of Plattsburgh.

More to Come.  --Brock-Perry

"Uncle Sam" Came From the War of 1812

From Task & Purpose "How Uncle Sam Became An American Icon" by Sarah Sicard.

In a widely accepted story, in 1813, a man from Troy, New York, Samuel Wilson, worked as a meat packer/distributor of beef for the U.S. Army.  When the meat was packaged in barrels, he would stamp "U.S." on the barrel for "United States."

Soldiers, however began referring to the beef as "Uncle Sam's" and it stuck as a nickname for the federal government.


Sunday, April 24, 2016

Mississippi Armed Forces Museum Reopening and Featuring Painting of War of 1812 Mississippi Dragoon

From the April 6, 2016, Hattiesburg  (Ms) American "Mississippi Armed Forces Museum to open in the next few months" by Haskel Burns.

In early 2015, the Mississippi Armed Forces Museum at Camp Shelby, closed for renovations and expanded about 8,000 square feet as well as having more exhibits.

Friday, the museum added a newly commissioned series of art by Mark Poole.  The first painting depicts a Mississippi dragoon soldier of the War of 1812 who served under General Andrew Jackson.  This unit was at the capture of Pensacola and the Battle of New Orleans.  They were led by Major Thomas Hinds of Jefferson County.

The next piece will be of Jefferson Davis at the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican War.  This one will be out later this year.

I Imagine the Next One Will Draw the Ire of Some Folks.  --Brock-Perry

Saturday, April 23, 2016

Civil War Trust Helps Preserve Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Battlefields

From the April 16, 2016, New York Daily Journal.

The Civil War Trust, which has done a great job of saving thousands of acres of that war's battlefields is now branching out to help Vermont and New York Revolutionary War and War of 1812 groups to do the same.

It is part of their Civil War Trust Campaign 1776 which was launched in 2014.

They held workshops this week in Schuylerville and Crown Point.


Thursday, April 21, 2016

French Mills, New York

From Wikipedia.

Back on March3, 2016, I wrote about West Point Class of 1806 graduate Robert Lucas and said that he died at French Mills Feb. 4, 1814.  I was unfamiliar with French Mills, so looked it up.

After the British victory at Crysler's Farm 11 November 1813, the defeated American Army under Major General James Wilkinson went into winter quarters at French Mills, New York, close by the Canadian border.

The Army arrived at French Mills with few supplies, and because of poor roads and a lack of transport and draught animals, coup[led with the inefficiency of the Quartermaster General's Department, it was impossible to resupply the Americans.

Sickness increased until there were no less than 450 in the hospital at Malone, New York and many more at French Mills.

Late January 1814, Secretary of War John Armstrong ordered Wilkinson to detach a division of 2,000 to Sackets Harbor, NY, and the rest, 4,000, to Plattsburgh, New York, on Lake Champlain.  The sick and wounded were moved to Burlington, Vermont.

French Mills was the site of a saw mill which started making clothes in 1795.  It was sold to Abel French in 1800 and became a tavern.   U,S.forces retreated here after the Battle of Crysler's Farm.  Over 200 soldiers died during the winter of 1813-1814.

It is now Fort Covington, New York.


Wednesday, April 20, 2016

USMA Class of 1806: John D. Wyndham: Drunken or Disloyal?

Continuing with our look at this early class of West Point Cadets, and largest by far up until then.

Was a Cadet May 27, 1805 to November 14, 1806.  Second Lt. Regiment of Artillerists.  , 1st lt. Jan. 29, 1811.  Served in garrisons at Atlantic posts.  Dismissed March 14, 1812, for "Drunkenness of Duty."  Died 1813, at age 30.

Before becoming a cadet, he had been an officer in the British Army from which he had retired.  Another source says he was discharged for disloyalty, a likely reason  because he had been in the British Army and with war clouds on the horizon.


Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Ohio's Simon Kenton-- Part 2: Misidentified Tecumseh's Body

From 1793 to 1794, Simon Kenton fought with General "Mad" Anthony Wayne in the Northwest Indian War.  In 1810, he moved to Urbana, Ohio and became a brigadier general in the state militia and commanded Ohio troops in the War of 1812.  He was at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, where famous Indian chief Tecumseh was killed.

Kenton was chosen to identify the chief's body, but seeing the American troops were anxious to cit Tecumseh upm he instead identified Indian warrior Roundhead.

There is a large boulder on the west side of the Ritter Public Library in Vermillion, Ohio, which is inscribed with the name "Kenton" and is believed to have been carved by Kenton himself.  It was found on a farm a few miles south.

Kenton died in 1836 and was originally buried at New Jerusalem in Logan County, Ohio.  His body was later moved to Urbana.

The historic Simon Kenton Inn in Springfield is named after him.

He is buried at Oakdale Cemetery in Urbana, Ohio.


Monday, April 18, 2016

Ohio's Simon Kenton-- Part 1: A Very Interesting Life

From Wikipedia.

Lt.Col. Mills Srephenson's father and family moved to Washington, Kentucky before going to Ohio.  This town was founded by famous Indian fighter Simon Kenton.

(April 3, 1755 to April 29, 1836)  We're coming up on the 180th anniversary of his death.

Famous American frontiersman (whom I'd never heard of before) and soldier in West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio.  A friend of Daniel Boone and other frontier folks.

He served in the American Revolution, the Northwest Indian War and the War of 1812.  Simon Kenton was born in what is today Virginia and in 1771, at the age of 16, was forced to flee to the wilderness after he killed a man in a fit of jealous rage over a girl and lived under the assumed name of Simon Butler.  While there, he learned that the man had survived and he took back his real name.

During the American Revolution, he accompanied George Rogers Clark, (uncle of the hero of Fort Stephenson George Croghan) in his famous capture of Fort Sackville in Vincennes, Indiana.

In 177778, he waas adopted into the Shawnee tribe after running the gauntlet and ritual torture.

More to Come. --Brock-Perry

Friday, April 15, 2016

Brown County and Ripley, Ohio's War of 1812 Connections

From Wikipedia.

Brown County was created in 1818 and named for Major General Jacob Brown, a War of 1812 officer who was wounded at the Battle of Lundy's Lane.  Also at the battle were Winfield Scott and Eleazor Ripley.

An early resident of Ripley, Ohio, (located in Brown County) was Col. James Poage, an American Revolution veteran who arrived in 1804 from Virginia to claim his 1000 acres he had been granted for his war service in what was called the Virginia Military District.  (This was the reason why William Stephenson, Mills Stephenson's father, came to the area.)

Pouge laid out the town of Staunton in 1812 and it was renamed in 1816 to honor General Eleazor Ripley, a hero of the War of 1812.  being located on the Ohio River, it became a major destination for runaway slaves.


Mills Stephenson-- Part 12: Justice of the Peace?

I came across a Mills Stephenson marrying six couples in 1803, 1 in 1804, 2 in 1806 and 1 each in 1809 and 1811.

Perhaps his duties as sheriff also included marrying people.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 11: His Children with First Wife

Children of Mills Stephenson and his first wife, Jane Kilpatrick.

Ephraim-  died in childhood

Elizabeth--  Married Thomas Wallace of Ottawa, Illinois

Charlotte--  died at age 20

Young--  Became a steamboat captain on the Ohio River.  In the Mexican War he was employed by the government and transported supplies between New Orleans and Matamoras, Mexico.  He died there in 1847.

Lemuel--  Steamboat engineer on the Ohio River for many years.  In 1857 he quit and opened a hotel in Catlettsburg, Kentucky, where he died in 1862.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 10: Running the Flat Boats

After the War of 1812 he acted as a sheriff of Adams County before the formation of Brown County.  Then he got into a milling business near Ripley, Ohio and built and ran flat boats from there to New Orleans.  He would build the flat boat and float it down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans, sell his cargo and break apart the boat and make his way back to Ripley over land.

On one of these trips, he contracted fever and died at Vicksburg, Mississippi, in 1823.  (This gives us two dates, 1822 and 1823 for when he died and two places, Helena, Arkansas, and Vicksburg, Mississippi.)


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 9: To Kentucky and Ohio

William Stephenson (Mills Stephenson's father) and the group proceeded to the town of Washington, Kentucky, founded by noted Indian scout Simon Kenton.

They remained in Kentucky until 1798 when they moved to Ohio where William Stephenson located and settled on land he had as a warrant for his Revolutionary War service..  It was in Adams, now Brown County.  Here William erected a log cabin on the land where he would live the rest of his life.

On reaching manhood, Col. Mills Stephenson married Miss Kilpatrick and settled on a farm near his father.  He became very involved in southern Ohio business and politics.

As a colonel in the Second War with England, his troops built Fort Stephenson which was "so heroically defended by young Croghan, where now stands the town of Fremont, Ohio.


Thursday, April 14, 2016

Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 8: Grandfather and Father

From the History of Adams County, Ohio.

Captain John Stephens, Mill's grandfather, commanded a sailing vessel running between Ireland and America's colonial Atlantic ports.  He lived in the colonies and his son William, Mills' father, ran away to avoid going to sea with his father.

William Stephenson moved to Pennsylvania, near York, where he married.  he joined the colonial army in the Revolution and served until the end.  He then moved his family to Fort Duquesne, now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he lived for several years.

In 1793, he joined a group heading to live in Limestone, now Maysville, Kentucky.  One member of the group was a Mr. Kilpatrick, who had two motherless daughters.  Kilpatrick was killed along the way by a group of Indians and William Stephenson took charge of and cared for the orphan girls.  One of these girls eventually became the first wife of Mills Stephenson.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 7: Married Jane Kilpatrick

Mills Stephenson was commissioned an ensign in the 15th Regt. Mason County, Kentucky military on August 9, 1792.  Fort Stephenson in Fremont, Ohio, was named for him.

His first marriage was to Jane/Jennie Kilpatrick, born October 20, 1791, in Lincoln County, Kentucky.  She died June 3, 1815.  She was the daughter of Frank Kilpatrick who was killed by Indians and his daughters raised by Richard Applegate.  her sister, Isabella, was the second wife of James Stephenson, the brother of Mills Stephenson.

So, Brothers Married Sisters.  --Brock-Perry

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 6: Grandfather and Father

From  Family of William Stephenson, 1733 from Ireland.

Captain John Stephenson, Mills Stephenson's grandfather, was a Revolutionary War soldier from Delaware. He went to Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, Pa.) after the war.  In 1795, he moved to Adams County, Ohio (now part of Brown County) where he had a grant for his Revolutionary War service, on Eagle Creek.  He is buried in Brown County near Ripley, Ohio.

He had a son named William Stevenson, born 1733, died 1798.  He had a son named Mils (Mills) Stephenson, born 1777 [1771, born in Delaware according to IGI].  He died in 1822.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 5: Buried in Louisiana or Arkansas?

Mills Stephenson engaged in farming and boat building after the war.  He would build flat boats and float them down to New Orleans from Ripley, Ohio, on the Ohio River.

This source says that he died of swamp fever in Shreveport, Louisiana, on January 16, 1822.

So, there is some confusion of where he died.  Another source said he died in Helena, Arkansas, and is buried there.


Tuesday, April 12, 2016

Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 4: Fort Stephenson Named For Him

From the History of Brown County, Ohio.

Col. Mills Stephenson was one of the earliest settlers of Eagle Creek.  Born in Delaware and went to sea a s a boy, longing for adventure but didn't like it.  Came home and moved with his parents to Pennsylvania and afterwards to Mason County, Kentucky where he became a farmer.

In the War of 1812 he was colonel of a battalion and served throughout the war.  Fort Stephenson in Fremont, Ohio,  was named after him.

His wife Jane Kilpatrick died soon after the close of the War of 1812 and he moved to Ripley, Ohio.

He died June 16, 1822, in Louisiana.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 3: Born in Delaware, Lived in Ohio and Died in Arkansas

From the Roots Web of the Latham Whelan Family Tree.

Mills Stephenson was born in 1769 in Sussex County, Delaware.  he died 16 June 1822 in Helena, Arkansas and is buried in Helena.

He and his brother James married two sisters whose father was killed by Indians while he was on a flat boat on the Ohio River near Maysville, Kentucky.

The History of Brown County, Ohio, says Col. Mills Stephenson fought in the Indian Wars and was an officer in the War of 1812.  Fort Stephenson in Fremont, Ohio, was named after him.


Monday, April 11, 2016

Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 2: Masonic Apron

I found some more information about him at the Ohio Memory Collection.

At Fremont, Ohio, there is a Mills Stephenson Masonic Apron which belonged to the colonel.

He is mentioned as one of the builders of Fort Stephenson (now Fremont, Ohio) and was the fort's first commander.

It served as a trading post from 1806 to 1813 and was built on high ground on the western bank of the Sanduskey River,

In the spring of 1813, Stephenson rebuilt the trading post as a military supply fort.  In mid-June 1813, George Croghan took command and became famous for his victory a few weeks later.


Lt. Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 1

From Regiments of Ohio Militia.

I have not been able to find much about Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson, who sited and built Fort Stephenson and named it after himself.

I did find that in his regiment, he had a Major Anthony Pitzer, Major Thomas Moors at Adjutant Alexander Moore.


Was Croghan's "Ol' Betsy" Davy Crockett's "Old Betsy?"

In an earlier post, I mentioned the possibility that Davy Crockett might have named his rifle after that little six-pounder cannon at Fort Stephenson when George Croghan won his big victory.

The Guns of the Old West site says no.  Davy named all of his rifles (not just one) after his favorite sister, Betsy.

There is no mention that Davy Crockett was at Fort Stephenson either.  But. most likely he knew about it.


Friday, April 8, 2016

Fort Stephenson-- Part 2: Site Located On Croghan Street

There is a Croghan Street in Fremont, named after you-know-who.

The Croghan Monument and site of the fort is located at 423 Croghan Street.

Croghan Day is observed every August 2nd., anniversary of the battle.

I came across mention of British gunboats in the Sanduskey River who also bombarded the fort.  However, I have not been able to find out the names of the boats.

They stopped at Whitaker's Wharf, 3 miles downriver from Fort Stephenson and did a lot of damage.  They also destroyed the Whitaker home.

The Battle of Fort Stephenson is the final western battle fought on American soil during the War of 1812.


Fort Stephenson-- Part 1: Built By Mills Stephenson

From Touring Ohio Sites.

Colonel Mills Stephenson sited and built the fort in June 1812 on the western side of the Sanduskey River.  Following the trend of the day, he named the fort after himself.  It was built by Ohio militiamen.

After his great victory at the fort, George Croghan was brevetted to the rank of lieutenant colonel by the president.

In 1835, Congress awarded Croghan the Congressional Gold Medal.


George Croghan-- Part 10: A Followup

In 1851, the mayor of Fremont (as Fort Stephenson was now called) arranged for the return of "Ol' Betsy" from a government armory.  The cannon was placed at the site of Fort Stephenson.

On August 2, 1885, a monument was dedicated at the site of Fort Stephenson.

Every September 2 is celebrated as Croghan Day in Fremont.

On August 2, 1906, the remains of George Croghan were brought from Louisville and interred at the base of the monument.


Thursday, April 7, 2016

George Croghan-- Part 9: Service in the Mexican War and Death

George Croghan was on the staff of general Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War.  At the Battle of Monterrey, he led his Tennessee regiment right in front.

During his years of military service, George Croghan met three future U.S. presidents: Harrison, Jackson and Taylor.

On January 8, 1849, George Croghan died in New Orleans in a cholera epidemic, the same one that killed former President James K. Polk.


George Croghan-- Part 8: "The Hero of Fort Stephenson"

The American losses at the Battle of Fort Stephenson amounted to one killed and seven wounded.  The single death was of a 14-year-old who had his arm taken off by a cannonball.

That night, British General Proctor pulled back and eventually retreated all the way back to Fort Detroit.

George Croghan was hailed as the "Hero of Fort Stephenson."  he later commanded a failed expedition to recapture Mackinac Island from the British and after that went south and fought alongside General Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans..

He became a friend of Jackson and spent the rest of his life in New Orleans.


Wednesday, April 6, 2016

Another War of 1812 Symposium-- Part 2: Death Chants and Powder Kegs

3 p.m.--  Michael D. Harris:  "Death Chants and Powder Kegs: The Battle of the Sinkhole."

4 p.m.--  Christopher T. George:  "Major General Robert Ross: The Saving of Baltimore 1814 and the 'Big martyrs'."

5:30 p.n.--  Dine with the presenters at the historic J. Huston Tavern, Arrow Rock, Missouri.


9 a.m.--  Lorna Hainesworth:  "The Corps and the War of 1812."  (Marine Corps I presume.)

10 a.m.--  Eric Matthews:  "Medicine in the Frontier Army:  Analyzing the Pharmacopeia of Dr. Thomas, 1st Infantry."

11 a.m.--  John Steinle:  "Commodore Perry's Marines:  Revealing Their True Identity."

Special Exhibit March 5 to April 5 at Arrow Rock State Historic Site:  "The Home and Camp:  The War of 1812 in Missouri."

Too bad, missed It.  --Brock-Perry

Another War of 1812 Symposium Last Weekend-- Part 1: This Time Featuring the West

From the Missouri State Parks Site "war of 1812 in the West Symposium 4-2 to 4-3, 2016"

At Arrow Rock State Historic Site in Arrow Rock, Missouri.


9:10 a.m.--  James Denny:  "William Clark's Troubles With the Cooper Clan in Boonslick County."

10 a.m.--Lynn Morrow:  "Who Were Bryan and Morrison?  The Halliburton of Missouri's War of 1812."

11 a.m.--  Harold W. Youmans:  "Post-war Military and Land Bounties in the West."

12--  Lunch

1 p.m.--  Michael Dickey:  "Native Perspectives on the War of 1812:  Indian Leaders in Their Own Words."

2 p.m.--  David Bennett:  "Light Gives Light, To Discover: The Remarkable Career of Captain John C. Symmes."

More to Come.  --Brock-Perry

Tuesday, April 5, 2016

George Croghan-- Part 7: A Disaster for the British

Until last week, I was completely unfamiliar with this man.  I am sure learning a lot about him.

On August 2, 1813, the British bombardment lifted and General Proctor began his assault.

British troops got to withing 15-20 feet of Fort Stephenson's northwest corner.  They were led by Lt. Col. William Shortt, who yelled:  "Come on my brave fellows, we will give the damned Yankee rascals no quarter!!"  At that moment, Croghan's troops and "Ol' Betsy" belched forth their missiles of death.  And death and carnage came upon the attacking British soldiers.

Lt. Col. Shortt was mortally wounded and in just 30 minutes, the British had 25 dead and about as many wounded.

Croghan reported some 150 British soldiers killed , wounded or captured.


George Croghan-- Part 6: The Bombardment of Fort Stephenson

On August 1, 1813, Porter's gunboats on the Sanduskey River and field artillery opened fire on Fort Stephenson, but with little effect.  George Croghan moved his one artillery piece, "Ol' Betsy" around so the British thought he had more artillery.

He also noted the British were firing particularly at the northwest corner of the fort and determined this would be the point of attack when it came.  Sandbags were used to reinforce it so he also posted "Ol' Betsy" there and loaded it with grape shot and musket balls.

On August 2, the barrage ended and British General Proctor began his assault.


Monday, April 4, 2016

George Croghan-- Part 5: "When the Fort Is Taken, There Will Be None to Massacre"

George Croghan had but one cannon at Fort Stephenson, a six-pounder named "Old Betsy."  It is believed by some that this is where Davy Crockett got the name for his rifle.

General William Henry Harrison was so angered by Croghan's refusal to follow orders that he afterwards had him arrested, but the "Boy major" talked his way out of it.  First he said he had made his defiant reply because he feared his message would be intercepted by the enemy.

On August 1, 1813, British General Proctor arrived at Fort Stephenson with about 500 regular troops and 700 Indians.  He demanded the fort's surrender, but Croghan had no such intention.  He replied that there would be no surrender.  He and his men would hold the fort or die in the attempt.  Noting the Indian tendency to massacre prisoners, Croghan continued, "When the fort is taken, there will be none to massacre."

A Six-Pounder Named "Old Betsy."  --Brock-Perry

George Croghan-- Part 4: Holding Out at Fort Stephenson

George Croghan was just 21 and a major.  General William Henry Harrison placed him in command of Fort Stephenson on the Lower Sanduskey, present day site of Fremont, Ohio.  This strategic fort guarded Harrison's headquarters and supplies at Fort Seneca and also the important water route from Pittsburgh to Detroit.

Croghan had 160 men with him.  When the British forces under General Proctor began moving against Fort Stephenson, Harrison thought the British had more soldiers and Indians with him than he did and ordered Croghan to destroy the fort and retire.

The "Boy Major" replied to Harrison that he had received the orders too late to carry them out and that he would remain at Fort Stephenson as long as he was able.


Friday, April 1, 2016

George Croghan-- Part 3: Hero at Fort Meigs

From the Wild Geese Site: Exploring Heritage of the Irish Worldwide "George Croghan: Irish-American "Boy major,' Hero of the War of 1812" by Joe Ganna.

Born at Locust Grove in Louisville Kentucky on November 15, 1791.  He gave up his law studies at the College of William and Mary shortly before his graduation and enlisted in the Army and in November 1811 fought Tecumseh  at the Battle of Tippecanoe.  He served as a private on Gen. William Henry Harrison's staff and so impressed the general that he was promoted to captain.

In May 1813, Croghan was part of the American forces under William Henry Harrison besieged at Fort Meigs in Ohio.  There, he showed his bravery in combat while leading a raiding party out from the fort against a British battery.  As a result he was promoted to major.


George Croghan, "Boy Major" of War of 1812-- Part 2: War Service

George Croghan soon saw action and was at the 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe with General William Harrison fighting Tecumseh and his Indians.  During the War of 1812, he fought with distinction at Fort Meigs, again under command of Gen. William Henry Harrison.

For his defense of Fort Stephenson in Ohio, he was promoted to colonel and later led American troops at the loss of the Battle of Mackinac Island, Michigan Territory.

After the war, he resigned from the Army and became the postmaster in New Orleans.  In 1825 he became one of two inspector generals in the Army and fought at Monterrey as a colonel during the Mexican War.

He is buried at Fort Stephenson, Ohio (now Fremont).  The village of Croghan, New York is named after him, as is the street in Lawrenceville, Georgia.


George Croghan, "Boy Major" of the War of 1812-- Part 1: Famous Relatives

From Wikipedia.

In the last post, I mentioned that one of the streets around the town square of Lawrenceville, Georgia, was named for George Croghan who was a War of 1812 veteran.  I did some more research on him.

November 15, 1791 to January 8, 1849.  American soldier.

Recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal.  He had two famous uncles on his mother's side, Lucy Clark.  One was William Clark (of Lewis & Clark Expedition fame) and the other was George Rogers Clark (Revolutionary War).

His father was William Croghan who fought in the American Revolution.

George Croghan studied at William and Mary College in Virginia and joined the Army after graduation in 1810.


Lawrenceville, Georgia's War of 1812 Connection

From the February 24, 2016, Atlanta Journal-Constitution "Flashback Fotos: Historic Lawrenceville."

Lawrenceville is located in Gwinnett, County, Georgia, established in 1820 and named for War of 1812 naval commander Captain James Lawrence, best known for his dying words, "Don't Give Up the Ship."  he is not believed to have had any direct connection to Lawrenceville.

In addition, there are four streets surrounding the downtown square named for people connected with the War of 1812:

Perry--  (Commodore Matthew Perry)  Most likely this would be Oliver Hazard Perry.

Pike Street--  Zebulon Pike (explorer and for whom Pike's Peak, Colorado, is named).  Also in War of 1812.

Croghan Street--  Named for War of 1812 veteran George Croghan

Clayton Street--  Named for Congressman Augustin Clayton, a Virginia native who attended the University of Georgia and served in the state and U.S. legislatures from 1810 to the 1830s.