Friday, February 28, 2014

HMS Laurel: Lively Class Frigates-- Part 12

Last entry on the Lively-Class British frigates.

From Naval Database.

The HMS Laurel was a 1088 ton, fifth-rate 38-gun frigate.

On 5 Nov 1813 it was on a convoy to Brazil and the Cape of Good Hope from Portsmouth. 21 December 1813 arrived Madeira.

23 November 1814 arrived in Portsmouth from Cape of Good Hope.

1849-- in ordinary in Portsmouth. 1860-- rerated as a 42-gun frigate. 1864 in harbor service.

1870 Floating lavatory in Portsmouth. 1879 Late Floating Lavatory.

Not Such a Good Demise. --Brock-Perry

HMS Laurel: Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 10 and Family Tree Service site.

First, I'll start on some previous HMS Laurels operating during the Napoleonic Wars and War of 1812. 

HMS LAUREL, a fourth-rate frigate built 1806 and wrecked in the West Indies Oct. 1813.

The seventh HMS LAUREL was a 22-gun, sixth rate frigate launched 1806 and captured by the French in 1808.

The eighth HMS LAUREL was a ten-gun cutter launched in 1806 which captured the French privateer Rhone in 1807 and the Jeune Laurein 1808. Captured by the French in 1808.

The next HMS Laurel was a 36-gun, fifth rate frigate captured from France in 1809, originally the Fidelle. Wrecked 1812.

The Lively-class HMS Laurel was a 36-gun, fifth rate launched in 1813, used in harbor service in 1864 and broken up in 1885.


Thursday, February 27, 2014

HMS Sirius: Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 10

Replaced the 1797 HMS Sirius that was scuttled in 1810 at the Battle of Grand Port in the Napoleonic Wars. The Lively-class frigate was a fifth rate with 38 guns, launched in either 1813 or 1815. Used as a target ship from 1860 and lost 1868. Another source says it was broken up in 1862. //// --Brock-Perry

HMS Nymphe: Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 9


The HMS Nymphe may refer to the 36-gun, fifth rate frigate which was captured from the Dutch in 1807 and was to have been renamed the HMS Determinee, but did not happen. Sold in 1816.

Or, it may refer to the HMS NYMPHE, a 38-gun, fifth rate frigate originally built as the HMS Neriede but renamed in 1811 and launched in 1812. Placed in harbor service in 1836 and renamed HMS Handy in 1871 before broken up in 1875.

This last one was most likely the Lively-Class frigate.


HMS Crescent and HMS Bacchante: Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 8

HMS CRESCENT entered service 1810 and reassigned to harbor service 1840. Sold 1854.

HMS BACCHANTE Entered service 1812. Fought in Napoleonic Wars. Harbor service 1837. Scrapped 1858.


HMS Menelaus and Nisus-- Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 7

I have already written a lot about the HMS Menelaus which entered service in 1810 under the command of Captain Peter Parker. The ship lasted a long time before being broken up in 1897.

HMS NISUS Entered service 1810 and used in the Napoleonic Wars. Laid up 1815 and broken up 1822.


Tuesday, February 25, 2014

HMS Macedonian: Lively-Class Frigate-- Part 6

From Wikipedia.

The HMS Macedonian was one of the outclassed British frigates which lost a solo battle with an American frigate during the war.

In 1810, it operated off Portugal and was involved in the Napoleonic Wars. In Jan. 1812, it went to Norfolk, Virginia (before war was declared in June), for a secret deal to keep the Bank of England solvent. While there, its captain, John Garden, bungled the mission by revealing it to his friend, U.S. Navy Captain Stephan Decatur while dining and drinking together. Garden even bet his beaver hat that his ship could beat Decatur's ship, the USS United States in a ship-vs.-ship fight.

On October 22, 1812, the two ships and captains met in that fight. The United States had the much heavier broadside and in short time, all three of the Macedonian's masts were down and the ship's hull was riddled with shot.

The Macedonian became the second British frigate to surrender to the U.S. Navy, the HMS Guerriere being the first. However, the Macedonian could be saved and after repairs, was taken into the U.S. Navy as the USS Macedonian.


Monday, February 24, 2014

HMS Macedonian: Lively-Class Frigate-- Part 5

The HMS Macedonian was ordered 28 September 1808 and built at Woolrich Dockyard. Laid down: May 1809. Launched 2 June 1810. Completed: 6 July 1810 at Chatham Dockyard.

FATE: Captured by the USS United States 25 October 1812 and served as USS Macedonian until broken up in 1834.


Saturday, February 22, 2014

British Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 4: HMS Horatio and Spartan

HMS HORATIO. Primarily used in Napoleonic Wars. Mainly guarded convoys. Launched 1807 and broken up in 1861. Was this where Forrester got his Horatio Hornblower character from or perhaps Nelson?

HMS SPARTAN: Launched 1806, broken up 1822. In July 1812, captured two American merchant ships. It and the HMS Maidstone on 3 August 1812, captured US Revenue Cutter Commodore Barry, 6 guns, and three privateer schooners: Madison, Olive and Spence (Spruce?). The crew of the Spartan received prize money for capture of Barry in 1822.

On 17 October 1812, the Spartan and Maidstone captured the privateer Rapid.

After that, the Spartan went back to Europe and was broken up in 1822.


Friday, February 21, 2014

And, Here's Where This Got Really Time-Consuming: The Beatles' Colleseum Playlist

From site.

There were a few of the songs the Beatles played in the article, but I got to wondering which songs they played so did a search.

This is the list of songs they played in order:

1. Roll Over Beethoven (Chuck Berry cover)
2. From Me to You
3. I Saw Her Standing There

4. This Boy
5. All My Loving
6. I Wanna Be Your Man

7. Please Please Me
8. Till There Was You (Sue Raney cover)
9. She Loves You

10. I Want to Hold Your Hand
11. Twist and Shout (Top Notes cover)
12. Long Tall Sally (Little Richard cover).

That was one short concert, but what got me was the Top Notes cover of Twist and Shout. I had never heard of the Top Notes and always thought the Beatles covered the song from the Isley Brothers. Some research on somebody's part was needed.

And That's When I Spent a Lot of Time on the Story. --Brock-Perry

The Second British Storming of Washington, D.C.: The Beatles-- Part 3

This was the Beatles' second public appearance, but Washington, D.C. can also claim another Beatles distinction: the first American radio station to play a Beatles song.

A high school student from D.C.'s Maryland suburbs, Marsha Albert, had seen the CBS report on the band and had written D.C. radio station WWDC asking them to spin some Beatle tunes. Problem was, no one had any Beatle songs. The Beatles were really popular in the U.K., but Capitol Records, the U.S. branch of EMI Records, balked at pushing any Beatles songs.

WWDC disc jockey Carroll James got a flight attendant to hand-carry a Beatles record from London. Then he invited Marsha into his studio and introduced: "Ladies and gentlemen, for the first time in America, here are the Beatles singing 'I Want to Hold Your Hand.'"

What happened after that would be called "viral" today. DJs and listeners in other cities picked up on it and Capitol was forced to hurriedly get the record out to the public.

So, It Begins. --Brock-Perry

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

The Second British Storming of Washington, D.C.: The Beatles-- Part 2

Instead of arriving by boat and marching, the Beatles came to the United States by plane and then took a train to D.C. during a major snowstorm. They were met by 8,000 screaming fans at the Collesium.

This past Tuesday, also the same day of the week, 3,000 fans returned to the Collesium for the 50th anniversary. The cover band Beatlemania Now bills itself as the world's best Beatle Tribute Band, and they played the same 12 songs that the Beatles played that day, starting with "Roll Over Beethoven" to the last one, "Long Tall Sally." Of course, they also played "I Saw Her Standing There" and "She Loves You."

It has long been thought that Beatles manager Brian Epstein booked the Beatles at the Collesium in an attempt to recoup losses from the Ed Sullivan Show (where they were paid just $10,000 for the three appearances.

A Second British Invasion. --Brock-Perry

Monday, February 17, 2014

The Second British Storming of Washington, D.C.: That'd Be the Beatles-- Part 1

From the February 15, 2014, Business Recorder "When Beatlemania stormed the Colesium."

The first time the British invaded Washington, D.C., was in 1814 when they burned the White House and many other buildings. They returned 150 years later on February 11, 1964, when those four lads from Liverpool performed at the Colesium before 8,000 American fans who were just catching on to this thing called Beatlemania.

And, this time, there were just four of them, not an army.

This was just two days after the "Big Bang," their appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show on Feb. 9th. Just two days after successfully taking New York City and most of the youth of the U.S. who were watching, especially the gitls.

What we didn't know at the time was that the Beatles were just the first of many English groups to follow in short order in what is referrred to as the British Invasion.

More to Come. --Brock-Perry

Saturday, February 15, 2014

USS Adams

From Wikipedia.

In the last post about the second HMS Pictou, I mentioned that it had taken part in a British expedition in Maine to capture or destroy the frigate USS Adams. I was unfamiliar with the ship, so did some more research.

The Adams was commissioned in 1799 as a 28-gun frigate and took part in the Quasi War With France recapturing the brig Zylpha and working with the USS Insurgent on several occasions. It was also in the First Barbary War.

In the War of 1812, it was completely rebuilt and rerated as a sloop of war mounting 26 18-pdr. guns at the Washington Navy Yard. It was blockaded there until able to slip out to sea 18 January 1814 under the command of Captain Charles Morris, who had been executive officer under Isaac Hull on the USS Constitution during its battle with the HMS Guerriere.

It then cruised the U.S. eastern seaboard and over to Africa, capturing five British merchant vessels. It returned to Savannah, Georgia, in April 1814.

Its next voyage was to the Newfoundland Banks and over to the British Isles where it took five more ships and chased two into the Shannon River. After escaping a large British warship, it captured the Woolbridge before having to give it up when the HMS Dannemark and HMS Albacore arrived on the scene.

Homeward, it ran aground at the Isle au Haut and only skillful seamanship and rising tide enabled the heavily damaged Adams to refloat. It escaped to the Penobscot River and went up as far as Hampden, Massachusetts (now Maine) where it was scuttled and set on fire to prevent capture during the Battle of Hampden.


The Second HMS Pictou (1814)

From Wikipedia.

The ship was 101 feet long and mounted 16 guns. It was originally the American privateer Zebra and captured by the British frigates HMS Pyramus and HMS Belle Poule off the west coast of France April 20, 1813.

Bought by the British Navy and in August 1814 was in an expedition to Penobscott River in Maine to capture the U.S. 26-gun frigate Adams. The Adams had offloaded its guns and set them up in batteries ashore.

The following Battle of Hampden resulted in the Btitish capture of Bangor, Maine, and the American destruction of the Adams. The British also captured 11 American ships and destroyed 6 others.

On September 8, 1814, it captured the American schooner Fox at Machias, Maine.

On 20 January 1815 the Pictou left for England with news of the capture of the USS President on Jan. 15, 1815. It was sold in 1818. These are the only two British ships named Pictou.


Friday, February 14, 2014

This Date 200 Years Ago: USS Constitution Captures and Destroys HMS Pictou

From Wikipedia.

FEBRUARY 14TH, 1814: The HMS Pictou was an 83-foot longschooner with a crew of 57 that served on the Royal Navy's North American Station during the War of 1812. How it came to be in the British Navy is somewhat unknown. It might have been the American privateer Syrion (or Syren) or it might have originally been the American privateer Bonne Foi.

Either way, Admiralty records show that in October 1813, they purchased the Syrion and renamed it HMS Pictou.

It captured one or two American merchant ships before being destroyed 14 February 1814 when it was unfortunate to come up against the USS Constitution while escorting the armed merchant ship Lovely Ann from Bermuda to Surinam. The Constitution spotted the ships to the windward of Barbados.

After capturing the Lovely Ann, the Constitution fired one shot through the Pictou's sails and the ship promptly surrendered. It was decided to keep the Lovely Ann and the Pictou was destroyed.

The Pictou was one of five ships the USS Constitution captured or destroyed during the War of 1812.

No Valentines For You!! --Brock-Perry

HMS Martin-- Part 2

From Roadside America.

CAPE MAY POINT, NEW JERSEY: WRECK OF A 200-YEAR-OLD BRITISH WARSHIP. Exposed by Hurricane Hazel in 1954 (as I thought). Its ribs can be seen almost overgrown by foliage under an open canopy at the corner of Lighthouse and Cord avenues.

In 2010, it was reported to be gone.

COMMENT: The remains are gone, once thought to be from the HMS Martin but the remains of the real HMS Martin are displayed in Europe.

ANOTHER COMMENT: The marker at the site reads: "The British sloop of war HMS Martin which blockaded the Delaware Bay in the War of 1812 was attacked, driven to the shoals, grounded and burned in 1813. Exposed by Hurricane Hazel in 1954 on Lighthouse Avenue in Cape May Point, she was salvaged, mounted and placed on public display."

ANOTHER COMMENT: Might be the remains of a Viking longboat.

Will the Real HMS Martin Please Stand Up. --Brock-Perry

HMS Martin-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

I did find mention of the Martin in Wikipedia in its list of ships by the name HMS Martin:

18-gun sloop launched in 1809 and wrecked in 1817. It didn't say where it was wrecked, but the War of 1812 wasn't going on in 1817.


Thursday, February 13, 2014

Not Much on the HMS Martin

The HMS Martin joined the HMS Statira and HMS Spartan for a very successful cruise in June 1813 capturing quite a few American, several Portuguese and even a Spanish ship off the coast of Delaware. I was unable to find out much about this ship other than it is thought that they might have some of the Martin's remains in a New Jersey park.

From the Lost in Jersey Blog.

The HMS Martin blockaded the Delaware River in the War of 1812. It was eventually grounded, destroyed and burnt.

Its remains were exposed during a hurricane in 1954 (Hurricane Hazel perhaps?). Locals had the remains moved to a nearby spot where they could be preserved. There are several photos showing wooden timbers under a pavillion. There is also a plaque to the HMS Martin.


Wednesday, February 12, 2014

HMS Statira-- Part 3

JUNE 26TH, 1813: The Statira and Martin (The Two) capture the American ship Carl Gustoff

JULY 1-2ND: The Two capture and destroy three sloops

JULY 22ND: The Two arrive at Halifax from the Chesapeake Bay

AUGUST 13TH The Statira captures the schooner Petty

AUGUST 24TH: Statira captures schooner Espoz y Mine

SEPTEMBER 1, 1813: The Statira and Nymphe arrive at Halifax after cruise.

OCTOBER 29TH: Departs Halifax

JULY 13TH 1814: Arrives Portsmouth, England, from Jamaica

OCTOBER 16TH: Left Portsmouth

OCTOBER 25TH: Ordered to join convoy to North America

NOVEMBER 1ST 1814: Sails for America.

FEBRUARY 26, 1815: Sank off Cuba.

A Busy Ship-- Brock-Perry

Saturday, February 8, 2014

HMS Statira-- Part 3

The Three refer to the HMS Statira, HMS Martin and HMS Spartan.

JUNE 6:  The Three capture the American brig Hetty.

JUNE7:   The Three recapture the American brig Hero and capture the American schooner Bella.

JUNE 10: The Three capture Spanish schooner El Carmin.

JUNE 14: The Three capture the ship Gustoff.

JUNE 15: The Three capture the American schooner Farmer.

JUNE 17: The Three capture an American schooner.

Not surprisingly with all these prizes, on JUNE 20th the Spartan left for Halifax, leaving the Statira and Martin to operate off the Delaware coast.

A Successful Cruise. --Brock-Perry

HMS Statira-- Part 2

From 1 June 1813 to 20 June 1813, the Statira was with the HMS Spartan, a sister ship, and HMS Martin in a very successful operation. I will refer to them as "The Three" to save some typing.

1 JUNE: The Three capture the American brigs Valador and Fanny.

CIRCA 2 JUNE: The Three capture sloops Express, Dispatch, Betsy, Caroline, Priscilla, Morning Star, Sally, Sarah, Ploughboy, George and brig Commerce and the Potuguese brig Flora. (Not a nad day's work and lots of prize money, no doubt).

3 JUNE: The Three capture the brig Fanny. (Possibly a mistake as they captured a brig named Fanny two days earlier.)

4 JUNE: The Three capture the Portuguese brig Carlotta.

5 JUNE: The Three capture the Portugueses brig Flor de Lisbon. (I'm figuring perhaps Portugal was at war with Britain over in Europe or perhaps the Potuguese ships were ignoring the blockade.

Nice Haul on the Second. --Brock-Perry

HMS Statira-- Part 1

From the Naval Database site. Continued from Lively-Class Part 3 from Feb.5th.

In mid 1810, it was the flagship of Sir Alexander Cochrane, who would later gain fame for his operations off the U.S. coast during the War of1812.

In mid-1812, it was chased by a U.S. squadron under rhe command of Commodore Rodgers. 11 August 1812, it captured the American privateer Buckskin. On February 8, 1863, boats from the Statira and others in Lynhaven Bay chased and captured the American privateer schooner Lottery which later served the British Navy as the HMS Canso.

In March 1813, armed U.S. schooners Arab, Lynx, Racer and Dolphin escaped into Virginia's Rappahannock River and boats from the Statira captured them. The Racer and Lynx later became the HMS Shelburne and Musquedobit.

More to Come. --Brock-Perry

Wednesday, February 5, 2014

British Lively-Clas Frigates-- Part 3: HMS Statira

This one was accidentally listed as the HMS Satira in the Wikipedia article.

The HMS Satira was launched in 1807 and accidentally wrecked off Cuba in 1815. The Wreck Site says that in 1815, the Statira was commanded by Captain Swaine and sailing with a convoy from Bermuda to Ile Dauphin to join Sir Alexander Cochrane in February 1815.

It struck an uncharted rock off Cuba on February 26th and sank within 30 minutes, but all aboard were saved.


British Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 2

Here is a list of the 16 ships in the class and final disposition. These were quite the work horses of the British Navy, at least two of them fighting against the United States in the War of 1812:

1. LIVELY-- Launched 1804. Wrecked off Malta in the Mediterranean in 1810. (Lost on rocks off Point Coura, Malta, 26 August, 1810, all saved.)

RESISTANCE-- Launched 1805 Broken up 1858

APOLLO-- Launched 1805. Broken up 1856

HUSSAR-- Launched 1807 and accidentally burnt 1861.

UNDAUNTED-- Launched 1807, broken up 1860. Carried Napoleon to exile on the island of Elba in 1814.


Tuesday, February 4, 2014

British Lively-Class Frigates-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

The class consisted of 16 Royal Navy 38-gun frigates built starting in 1799 to the design of Sir William Rule. They served in the Napoleonic Wars and War of 1812, the most famous of them probably were the HMS Macedonian and Menelaus.

The prototype, the HMS Lively, was launched in 1804. By then, an additional four had been ordered to the same design and then eleven more to a similar design.

Even the United States Navy ordered one to the design of the captured HMS Macedonian in 1832 and launched in 1836 as the USS Macedonian. I'll write about this ship in my Civil War Navy Blog as it served during the war.

Up Next, A Short History of the Lively-Class Ships. --Brock-Perry

HMS Menelaus

From Wikipedia.

Built at Plymouth Dockyard and completed 21 June 1810. Sold for breaking up in 1897 (a long time for a ship). Lively-class 38-gun frigate. 154 feet long, 284 crew.

Original commander Captain Peter Parker whose father was son of Admiral Peter Parker and mother was daughter of Vice Admiral John Bryon. Killed at the battle of Caulk's Field.

This started sounding familiar and I looked the ship and Peter Parker up in my labels. I've written a lot about them. See HMS Menelaus, Parker Peter and Battle of Caulk's Field.


Monday, February 3, 2014

The HMS Menelaus and Maryland Slaves

From "The Enemy Nearly All 'Round Us" exhibit website. "African Americans and the War of 1812."

An article from the Maryland Gazette, Annapolis, Thursday, Dec. 22, 1814: "Upon the return of the British frigate Menelaus down the Bay on Sunday last, she came to anchor nearly opposite the city, where she continued for the night.

"While at anchor negroes to the (?) of between twenty and thirty, property of different individuals in this city and neighborhood, went off to her and were taken down the Bay."

Runaway Slaves. --Brock-Perry

War of 1812 Exhibit Opens At Annapolis: An Emancipation Proclamation

From the Jan. 25, 2013, Capital "Around Annapolis: War of 1812 Exhibit opens at State House" by Diane M. Rey.

On August 20, 1814, the HMS Menelaus was at anchor off Annapolis. The British fleet sailed past the port and shortly thereafter, Washington, D.C. was captured and burned. Then the fleet sailed past again on its way to attack Fort McHenry protecting Baltimore. Annapolis, however, was never directly attacked.

A new War of 1812 exhibit opened at the Maryland State House on Jan. 14, 2013 "The Enemy Nearly All 'Round' Us." The centerpiece is a 16-by-24-foot enlargement of a painting by Frederick artist Richard Schlecht showing British ships off Annapolis as seen from the State House dome. A circular inset on the painting shows the 38-gun frigate Memelaus under full sail.

Hundreds of slaves escaped to the British ships, seeking their freedom. On April 2, 1814, British Admiral Sir Alexander Cochran issued an emancipation proclamation to any slaves who joined the Colonial Marines and settled in British colonies. Some 700 Maryland slaves took him up on it, 21 of them from Annapolis.

The exhibit also has a personal log of a British officer on the Menelaus.


Saturday, February 1, 2014

February 1814 Timeline-- Part 2


Royal Marines and the Cornwall Upper Canada Militia raid Madrid, New York.


The USS Constitution captures the schooner HMS Pictou in the western Atlantic Ocean.


British raids along the Salmon River, New York.


Militia General orders issued by Adjutant General J.F. Holland completes a reorganization of Prince Edward Island's volunteer and regular militia units.


Arrival of the reinforcements in the previous post at Quebec City from New Brunswick.
Also, the provincial militia unit Loyal Essex Volunteers formed in Upper Canada.


February 1814 Timeline-- Part 1: By Water and Overland

All these dates are from the historicplaces website by Canada. I find this to be the best timeline available for the war.

FEBRUARY 2ND-3RD: Sir James Lucas Yeo needed crews for two ships he had under construction at Kingston, Upper Canada, on Lake Ontario. Two divisions (217 men) were sent to him from the HMS Fantome and HMS Arab.  On these dates they left Fredericton for the Canadas.

They had sailed from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Saint John, New Brunswick, and then traveled by land to Quebec City, Lower Canada. The citizens of Saint John provided the sailors with sleighs.

They departed Jan. 29-30 from there. They then left Fredericton Feb. 2nd and 3rd. Arrived Quebec on March 1st.

Some 440 men of the 2nd Battalion, 8th Regiment, followed right behind them, arriving in Quebec March 10th.