Wednesday, May 4, 2016

James Poage, Founder of Ripley, Ohio-- Part 1

From the Grether Family Extended on Roots World Connection.

In my April 15, 2016, blog entry, I wrote about James Poage (also sometimes spelled Pouge) as being the founder of Ripley, Ohio.

James Poage was born in 1760 in Augusta County, Virginia.  he died 19 April 1820 in Ripley, Ohio.

He was a surveyor, farmer and trapper.

During the American revolution he was a lieutenant in the Augusta County militia.

Later he was the county surveyor of Pochahontas County as well as a farmer, Indian trader and founder of Ripley, Ohio.


Mass Graves in Ontario Give Archaeologists Clues As to Buckshot Wounds-- Part 2

Using staple isotopes analysis showed that some of the remains had a more European diet and others more of a North American one, suggesting that soldiers from both sides were buried together in the mass grave.

Three of the individuals' hip bones had injuries consistent with musket shot.

A team of researchers at McMaster University in Canada recreated likeness of humans and reproductions of War of 1812 muskets and tested shots.

Buck and ball consists of a large musket ball and three smaller buckshot pellets.

Injuries on the bones were found to be more often caused by the buckshot.


Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Mass Graves in Ontario Give Archaeologists Clues As to Buckshot Wounds-- Part 1

From the April 4, 2016, Forbes magazine "Mass Grave From War of 1812 Gives Archaeologists First Evidence of Buckshot Injuries" by Kristina Killgrove.

On June 6, 1813, American troops advanced into the Niagara Peninsula.  The British attacked their camp at Stoney Creek in Ontario.  The action ended up a close-range one of hand-to-hand combat.

A  mass grave was later found that contained  two dozen skeletons and was excavated between 1998 and 1999.  It contained 2,701 bone fragments of at least 24 bodies.  Losses from the battle amounted to 23 British and 17 Americans with over 200 injured, missing or captured.


Mendon Man Had Hand in Treaty of Ghent

From April 30, 2016,  Wicked Local Mendon (Massachusetts)

Jonathan Russell II was one of the five U.S. commissioners who negotiated the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812.

A quiz on Jonathan Russell II accompanies the article.  I didn't take take it.  I'd never heard of him before.

Russell was born on February 27, 1771, in Providence, Rhode Island.  He graduated from the University of Rhode Island , studied law, but didn't  practice.  He was noted for his orator skills.

President Madison appointed him charge d'affaires in Paris in 1810 and the next year the same position in London.  From 1814 to 1818, he was minister to Sweden and Norway.

The other U.S. negotiators were John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay and Albert Gallatin.  Only Russell and Clay voted against the treaty.


Monday, May 2, 2016

Last Survivor of the Battle of Fort Stephenson-- Part 3: Participated in Black Hawk War and the Civil War.

After the battle, William Gaines returned to Fort Seneca until after the news of Perry's victory at the Battle of Lake Erie.  They marched past Fort Stephenson, got into boats and crossed over into Canada.

They landed at Colonel Elliot's wharf and from there went to Fort Malden, then to Sand Beach and on October 5, fought at the Battle of the Thames.

Gaines remained with the Army after the war and participated in the Black Hawk War.

During the Civil War, he was in charge of the quartermaster's store at the Madison Barracks in New York.


Last Survivor of the Battle of Fort Stephenson-- Part 2: Thurman Gets His Head Blown Off

On July 18, 1812, William Gaines, then age 13, enlisted as a drummer boy in Captain Armstrong's Company of the 24th Infantry.

In June 1812, they were at Fort Meigs and in July at Fort Seneca, Harrison's headquarters.

When rumor of a British attack on Fort Stephenson circulated, William traded in his drum for a musket and went with the fort's relief.

A company member, Samuel Thurman, was the only member of the fort's garrison killed.  Thurman was in the blockhouse and was determined to shoot a Redcoat.  he climbed on top of the blockhouse and peered over when a six pound ball took off his head.


Friday, April 29, 2016

Last Survivor of the Battle of Fort Stephenson: -- Part 1

From the Proceedings at the Unveiling of the Soldiers Monument on the Site of Fort Stephenson, 1885.

Sgt. William Gaines is the only surviving soldier from the Battle of Fort Stephenson 72 years ago.  He later became a sergeant in the Army and now lives at Wilson Station, Ellsworth County, Kansas.  An invitation was offered for him to attend the dedication but he declined because of age and infirmities.

William Gaines was born in Frederick, Maryland, on December 25, 1799.  His parents were natives of Virginia.  In 1810, he went with his uncle, Col. Davis, to Lexington, Kentucky, where the uncle raised a regiment in the Indian War of 1811.  They joined General William Henry Harrison.

William went with his uncle to take care of the uncle's horse.  His uncle, unfortunately, was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

Pretty Young to Be Without a Guardian.  --Brock-Perry

Thursday, April 28, 2016

A Member of Col. Mills Stephenson's Regiment: Jacob Flaugher

From WikiTree


Born July 11, 1785, in
Franklin County, Pennsylvania.  Married Anna Wilson, December 25, 1813, in Mason County, Kentucky.

Died February 4, 1881 at age 95 in Huntington Township, Brown County, Ohio.

Buried Flaugher Family Cemetery in Ripley, Ohio.  This cemetery is on private property off Marker Hill Road.

Born in Pennsylvania and moved with his family to Kentucky.  In the War of 1812, he served in Martin's Company, Col. Mills Stephenson's Regiment, Ohio Militia.  They were stationed at Sanduskey, Ohio.  While there, they constructed Fort Stephenson by order of Governor Meigs.


Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Macomb, Illinois, Celebrates General Macomb's Birthday-- Part 2

The future Macdonough County was part of the Military Tract of 1812 that Congress set aside as payment to soldiers in the War of 1812.  This was an attempt to get families moving to the frontier.  Many of them and their heirs were unwilling to relocate and sold their land warrants to speculators.

Nearby to Macomb is Old Fort Madison which was attacked by Indians allied with the British during the War of 1812.  The original fort was abandoned and burned by the U.S. Army in 1813 when they ran out of food due to a contractor sending them unsafe food.  A reproduction of the fort has been built in Riverview Park in Ft. Madison, Iowa.


Monday, April 25, 2016

Macomb, Illinois, Celebrates General Macomb's Birthday-- Part 1

From the April 4, 2016, Western Courier (Macomb, Illinois) "Community celebrates General Macomb;s birthday" by Tabi Joswick.

The Western Illinois Museum, Macomb Area Convention and Visitors Center and City of Macomb hosted a birthday celebration for the city's namesake, General Alexander Macomb.   He was a War of 1812 hero best known for his victory at the Battle of Plattsburgh on September 11, 1814.

Though outnumbered, he used his Army Corps of Engineers to create dead end fake roads that caused British troops to get lost.  Commander Thomas Macdonough, namesake of Macdonough County (where Macomb is located) led the naval Battle of Lake Champlain which took place adjacent to the Battle of Plattsburgh.

More to Come.  --Brock-Perry

"Uncle Sam" Came From the War of 1812

From Task & Purpose "How Uncle Sam Became An American Icon" by Sarah Sicard.

In a widely accepted story, in 1813, a man from Troy, New York, Samuel Wilson, worked as a meat packer/distributor of beef for the U.S. Army.  When the meat was packaged in barrels, he would stamp "U.S." on the barrel for "United States."

Soldiers, however began referring to the beef as "Uncle Sam's" and it stuck as a nickname for the federal government.


Sunday, April 24, 2016

Mississippi Armed Forces Museum Reopening and Featuring Painting of War of 1812 Mississippi Dragoon

From the April 6, 2016, Hattiesburg  (Ms) American "Mississippi Armed Forces Museum to open in the next few months" by Haskel Burns.

In early 2015, the Mississippi Armed Forces Museum at Camp Shelby, closed for renovations and expanded about 8,000 square feet as well as having more exhibits.

Friday, the museum added a newly commissioned series of art by Mark Poole.  The first painting depicts a Mississippi dragoon soldier of the War of 1812 who served under General Andrew Jackson.  This unit was at the capture of Pensacola and the Battle of New Orleans.  They were led by Major Thomas Hinds of Jefferson County.

The next piece will be of Jefferson Davis at the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican War.  This one will be out later this year.

I Imagine the Next One Will Draw the Ire of Some Folks.  --Brock-Perry

Saturday, April 23, 2016

Civil War Trust Helps Preserve Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Battlefields

From the April 16, 2016, New York Daily Journal.

The Civil War Trust, which has done a great job of saving thousands of acres of that war's battlefields is now branching out to help Vermont and New York Revolutionary War and War of 1812 groups to do the same.

It is part of their Civil War Trust Campaign 1776 which was launched in 2014.

They held workshops this week in Schuylerville and Crown Point.


Thursday, April 21, 2016

French Mills, New York

From Wikipedia.

Back on March3, 2016, I wrote about West Point Class of 1806 graduate Robert Lucas and said that he died at French Mills Feb. 4, 1814.  I was unfamiliar with French Mills, so looked it up.

After the British victory at Crysler's Farm 11 November 1813, the defeated American Army under Major General James Wilkinson went into winter quarters at French Mills, New York, close by the Canadian border.

The Army arrived at French Mills with few supplies, and because of poor roads and a lack of transport and draught animals, coup[led with the inefficiency of the Quartermaster General's Department, it was impossible to resupply the Americans.

Sickness increased until there were no less than 450 in the hospital at Malone, New York and many more at French Mills.

Late January 1814, Secretary of War John Armstrong ordered Wilkinson to detach a division of 2,000 to Sackets Harbor, NY, and the rest, 4,000, to Plattsburgh, New York, on Lake Champlain.  The sick and wounded were moved to Burlington, Vermont.

French Mills was the site of a saw mill which started making clothes in 1795.  It was sold to Abel French in 1800 and became a tavern.   U,S.forces retreated here after the Battle of Crysler's Farm.  Over 200 soldiers died during the winter of 1813-1814.

It is now Fort Covington, New York.


Wednesday, April 20, 2016

USMA Class of 1806: John D. Wyndham: Drunken or Disloyal?

Continuing with our look at this early class of West Point Cadets, and largest by far up until then.

Was a Cadet May 27, 1805 to November 14, 1806.  Second Lt. Regiment of Artillerists.  , 1st lt. Jan. 29, 1811.  Served in garrisons at Atlantic posts.  Dismissed March 14, 1812, for "Drunkenness of Duty."  Died 1813, at age 30.

Before becoming a cadet, he had been an officer in the British Army from which he had retired.  Another source says he was discharged for disloyalty, a likely reason  because he had been in the British Army and with war clouds on the horizon.


Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Ohio's Simon Kenton-- Part 2: Misidentified Tecumseh's Body

From 1793 to 1794, Simon Kenton fought with General "Mad" Anthony Wayne in the Northwest Indian War.  In 1810, he moved to Urbana, Ohio and became a brigadier general in the state militia and commanded Ohio troops in the War of 1812.  He was at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, where famous Indian chief Tecumseh was killed.

Kenton was chosen to identify the chief's body, but seeing the American troops were anxious to cit Tecumseh upm he instead identified Indian warrior Roundhead.

There is a large boulder on the west side of the Ritter Public Library in Vermillion, Ohio, which is inscribed with the name "Kenton" and is believed to have been carved by Kenton himself.  It was found on a farm a few miles south.

Kenton died in 1836 and was originally buried at New Jerusalem in Logan County, Ohio.  His body was later moved to Urbana.

The historic Simon Kenton Inn in Springfield is named after him.

He is buried at Oakdale Cemetery in Urbana, Ohio.


Monday, April 18, 2016

Ohio's Simon Kenton-- Part 1: A Very Interesting Life

From Wikipedia.

Lt.Col. Mills Srephenson's father and family moved to Washington, Kentucky before going to Ohio.  This town was founded by famous Indian fighter Simon Kenton.

(April 3, 1755 to April 29, 1836)  We're coming up on the 180th anniversary of his death.

Famous American frontiersman (whom I'd never heard of before) and soldier in West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio.  A friend of Daniel Boone and other frontier folks.

He served in the American Revolution, the Northwest Indian War and the War of 1812.  Simon Kenton was born in what is today Virginia and in 1771, at the age of 16, was forced to flee to the wilderness after he killed a man in a fit of jealous rage over a girl and lived under the assumed name of Simon Butler.  While there, he learned that the man had survived and he took back his real name.

During the American Revolution, he accompanied George Rogers Clark, (uncle of the hero of Fort Stephenson George Croghan) in his famous capture of Fort Sackville in Vincennes, Indiana.

In 177778, he waas adopted into the Shawnee tribe after running the gauntlet and ritual torture.

More to Come. --Brock-Perry

Friday, April 15, 2016

Brown County and Ripley, Ohio's War of 1812 Connections

From Wikipedia.

Brown County was created in 1818 and named for Major General Jacob Brown, a War of 1812 officer who was wounded at the Battle of Lundy's Lane.  Also at the battle were Winfield Scott and Eleazor Ripley.

An early resident of Ripley, Ohio, (located in Brown County) was Col. James Poage, an American Revolution veteran who arrived in 1804 from Virginia to claim his 1000 acres he had been granted for his war service in what was called the Virginia Military District.  (This was the reason why William Stephenson, Mills Stephenson's father, came to the area.)

Pouge laid out the town of Staunton in 1812 and it was renamed in 1816 to honor General Eleazor Ripley, a hero of the War of 1812.  being located on the Ohio River, it became a major destination for runaway slaves.


Mills Stephenson-- Part 12: Justice of the Peace?

I came across a Mills Stephenson marrying six couples in 1803, 1 in 1804, 2 in 1806 and 1 each in 1809 and 1811.

Perhaps his duties as sheriff also included marrying people.


Lt.Col. Mills Stephenson-- Part 11: His Children with First Wife

Children of Mills Stephenson and his first wife, Jane Kilpatrick.

Ephraim-  died in childhood

Elizabeth--  Married Thomas Wallace of Ottawa, Illinois

Charlotte--  died at age 20

Young--  Became a steamboat captain on the Ohio River.  In the Mexican War he was employed by the government and transported supplies between New Orleans and Matamoras, Mexico.  He died there in 1847.

Lemuel--  Steamboat engineer on the Ohio River for many years.  In 1857 he quit and opened a hotel in Catlettsburg, Kentucky, where he died in 1862.