Saturday, July 23, 2016

William McHenry, McHenry County (Illinois) Namesake-- Part 2: Fought the Indians

In 1811, William McHenry served in the Illinois militia during Tecumseh's War, which culminated in the Battle of Tippecanoe in the Indiana Territory.  In the War of 1812, he participated in the attack on the Indian village at Peoria, which was allied with the British.

After the war, he was a delegate to the Illinois Constitutional Convention in 1818, which led to statehood in 1819.  Then he was elected to the first Illinois House of Representatives.

During the Blackhawk War in 1832, he was a major of the Mounted Spies.  He became ill during the campaigning and was mustered out at age 61.  Immediately, he was elected to the Illinois Senate.

He died in 1835 in a boarding house in Vandalia, Illinois, which was then the capital of Illinois.

When McHenry County was formed in 1836 out of Cook (Chicago) and LaSalle counties and it was named after him.

What's In a Name.  --Brock-Perry

Friday, July 22, 2016

Fort Anne, Lake George and Plattsburgh Get Battlefield Funds

From the June 27, 2016, Post-Star (NY) by Bill Toscone.

Two local battlefields among 20 historic sites were awarded grants from the American Battlefield Protection Program last week.

The Battle of Fort Anne was a part of the 1777 Saratoga Campaign.  Lake George, the site of Fort George, was the site of several battles during the French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War.

The City of Plattsburgh was awarded$54,000 to evaluate the needs and uses of six key northern New York battles sites from the Revolutionary War (Vancouver Bay) to the War of 1812 (Crab Island, Plattsburgh Bay, Fort Brown, Fort Moreau and Fort Scott.

SUNY Buffalo Research Foundation received $23,200 for architectural survey of the Battle of Scajaguada Bridge in August 1814 during the War of 1812.


Thursday, July 21, 2016

Major William McHenry, McHenry (Illinois) County's Namesake-- Part 1: From Kentucky

From Wikipedia

I had always though McHenry County, Illinois, where we live, was named for Baltimore's Fort McHenry, but just found out a short time ago that it was named for Major William McHenry.

William McHenry was an early Illinois politician and soldier.

He is believed to have been born in 1771 and married Hannah Ruth Blackford in the late 1790s in Logan County, Kentucky.  He served as a lieutenant in Price's Battalion of Mounted Volunteers and participated in thye Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794, near modern day Toledo, Ohio.

McHenry moved from Henderson County, Kentucky, in 1810 and settled in what is now White County, Illinois, along the trail near the old salt works in Shawneetown, Illinois, and Fort Vincennes.


Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Philip Crecelius-- Part 6: Captain Hartsell's Company

From the  Tngenweb.

It lists a Philip Creselsu as a member of Captain Jacob Hartsell's Co. of the 2nd Regiment East Tennessee Volunteer Militia.

Very likely this is the Philip Crecelius I've been writing about.


Monday, July 18, 2016

Philip Crecelius-- Part 5: Service in War of 1812: Jackson's "Mutiny"

From Free Pages Geneaology.

The 2nd East Tennessee Volunteer Militia consisted of about 700 men and was assigned to fill the ranks at Fort Strother for Andrew Jackson after the December 1813 "mutiny" of his army.  While the regiment was at Fort Strother it comprised half of Jackson's forces until mid-January 1814, when their enlistments were up.

The regiment was used to keep the line of communications open and to guard supply lines.


Saturday, July 16, 2016

Philip Crecelius-- Part 4: Moved from Tennessee to Indiana

During the War of 1812, militia were only required to serve ninety days.  Philip Crecelius served from October 12, 1813, to January 12, 1814.  he was paid $8 a month for his service.

Philip Ausmus Crecelius was born April 17, 1794 and enlisted in the 2nd Regiment of East Tennessee Volunteer Militia.

Sometime before 1816, he and his parents moved from Tennessee to Harrison County, Indiana and settled in O'Bannon Woods, where his parents are buried.  he was one of the original landowners in the area.

I wonder if some of the land was payment for his service?


Philip Crecelius-- Part 3: Many Descendants Attended Ceremony

From the June 8, 2016, Clarion (Indiana) News "Daughters Dedicate Pvt. Crecelius' grave."

The dedication took place in the Mt. Eden Cemetery, Eckerly, Indiana.  This was the Daughters of the War of 1812 local unit's 13th grave dedication.

As I mentioned yesterday, Philip Creclius had 17 children and a lot of his descendants were able to attend the ceremony.

One of them was David Myers, his great-great grandson who is a member of the Alabama Society of the War of 1812.  Nine other direct descendants were also in attendance.  Two of them are active in the Johnathan Jennings Chapter Daughters of the War of 1812: Evelyn Jackson and Edith Key.


Friday, July 15, 2016

Philip Crecelius, 2nd East Tennessee Volunteer Militia-- Part 2: Married Twice, Had 17 Children

From the Hastings Tribune.

Philip Crecelius was born in 1794 in Washington County, Tennessee and served during the War of 1812 in the 2nd East Tennessee Volunteer Militia.

His parents moved to what is now southern Indiana's O'Banon Woods in 1811.  he joined them after his service and eventually was married twice and had seventeen children.

He died in 1850 and is buried with his two wives.


2nd Regiment East Tennessee Volunteer Militia-- Part 2

Served from October 1813 to February 1814.  Commanded by Col. William Lillard.  They left Kingston, Tennessee, going through Fort Armstrong and Fort Strother.

They were assigned to replace men who had been part of the so-called mutiny against Andrew Jackson.

They were mostly from Cocke, Grainger, Greenem Hawkins, Jefferson, Sullivan and Washington counties.


Thursday, July 14, 2016

2nd Regiment East Tennessee Volunteer Militia-- Part 1: Some at Battle of Horseshoe Bend

From Freepage geneaology.

The 2nd Regiment of East Tennessee Militia served from January 1814 to May 1814.  It was commanded by Colonel Samuel Bunch who had commanded the 1st regiment of Volunteer Mountain Infantry.  The regiment served under General George Doherty.

Some companies of the regiment fought at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend while others remained at Fort Williams.  Many of the men stayed after the expiration of their service to guard Fort Strother and Fort Williams.

Men in the regiment were mostly from Blount, Claiborne, Cocke, Grainger, Greene, Hawkins, Jefferson, Knox Rhea, Sevier and Washington counties.

Three of the officers were captains James Allen, Amos Burrow and Francis Berry.


Indiana War of 1812 Veteran Receives Final Dedication: Philip Crecelius-- Part 1

From the June 10, 2016, Indiana Public Media News by Sophia Salby.

Private Philip Crecelius was honored with a dedicated grave Sunday in Pateko Township by the members of the Johnathan Jennings Chapter of the United States Daughters of 1812.  They placed a dedicated  marker on his grave in Mt. Eden Cemetery where he was buried in 1850.

This new marker is part of an ongoing project of the chapter to locate and document graves like his.

Private Crecelius was born in Tennessee in 1794 and was in Colonel William Lillard's 2nd Regiment East Tennessee Volunteer militia.  After the war, he settled with his parents in southern Indiana.

Ten direct descendants were present at the ceremony, including a 4th-great grandson currently serving in the U.S. Army.


Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Some More on Abel P. Upshur

Abel P. Upshur was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1811.  He was a volunteer in the Virginia State militia in the War of 1812, but saw no action.  Also a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1812-1813.

His father, Liileton Upshur,  was a captain in the U.S. Army in the War of 1812 while commanding a company in the 27th Virginia Militia Regiment which was called to duty.

The destroyer USS Abel P. Upshur (DD-193) was named for him.


Two Coincidences in Abel P. Upshur's Death

Two coincidences I find of interest in the U.S. Secretary of State's death in 1843.

First, he was on the USS Princeton, the eventual name of the college he was expelled from for being a leader in the "Great Rebellion" in 1807.

Second, the USS Princeton was commanded by Robert F. Stockton, the son of Richard Stockton who had delivered the speech at Princeton's chapel trying to get the students to back down on their grievances.

Interesting Coincidences.  --Brock-Perry

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Abel P. Upshur-- Part 3: As Secretary of State, Death

On february 28, 1844, along with U.S. President John Tyler and other dignitaries, Abel P. Upshur was on the Potomac River aboard the new navy steamship USS Princeton, when he and several others were killed in a gun explosion.  He was buried at the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C..

Also killed were the Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Gilmer and Beverly Kennon, the Navy's chief of construction.  Twenty others were injured.  President Tyler survived because he was below deck at the time.


Captain Littleton Upshur

On Saturday I mentioned that Abel P. Upshur's father, Littleton Upshur was a War of 1812 officer.

I wasn't able to find out much about him, but this is what I did find.


Captain Littleton Upshur's Company, 27th regiment.  This company had 63 men and was a part of the Virginia militia.

The payroll of it showed that Littleton Upshur, was a captain and was owed pay for 1 month and 29 days.

the 27th Regiment Virginia Militia was from Northampton County and the regiment was commanded by Col. major Major S. Pitts (probably just one Major in the name.)

They served from September 21 to October 28, 1813 and from May 28 to November 1814.


Fort McHenry Stamp-- Part 5: "The Star-Spangled Banner"

Maryland native Francis Scott Key, a 35-year-old lawyer, witnessed the massive display of firepower from the deck of an American flag-of-truce vessel.  he had just completed negotiations with the British for the release of an American prisoner confined aboard a ship in the British fleet.

On the morning of September 14, Key realized that the bombardment had been a failure when he saw the British squadron withdrawing downriver.  The garrison flag was run up over the fort at 9:00 a.m., confirming the post was still in American hands.

Key was so moved that he wrote "The Defence of Fort McHenry" to the tune of an old English song, and it quickly gained wider recognition under the title "The Star-Spangled Banner."

Actually, I always heard he was on a British vessel during the battle and that he wrote it as a poem that someone put to the tune.


Fort McHenry Stamp-- Part 4: Twenty-Five-Hour Bombardment

After the British Army met stiff resistance on land, Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane of the Royal Navy attempted to attack the city by getting past the defenses of Fort McHenry, which was manned by 1,000 troops under the command of Major George Armistead.

For some 25 hours beginning on the morning of September 13, Cochrane's squadron fired more than 1,500 rounds of shells and rockets at the fort, while his ships remained safely out of range of the fort's guns.


Fort McHenry Stamp-- Part 3: George Armistead, the Fort's Commander

On the back of the sheet is written:

Picture of George Armistead who served as the commander of Fort McHenry during the British assault on Baltimore in the War of 1812.


Baltimore was the third largest city in the country and an important commercial hub.  It boasted an energetic militia of some 10,000 citizens who had recently constructed an extensive system of earthworks in preparation for a British assault by land.

The city was also protected by Fort McHenry, a star-shaped fortification built in the 1790s at the narrow entrance to Baltimore's harbor.


Fort McHenry Stamp-- Part 2: Twenty Stamps on Sheet

There are twenty stamps on the sheet.

On the front is written:

The War of 1812: FORT McHENRY

In the summer of 1814, Britain launched an offensive "into the very heart of America," as one British officer put it.

Burning the White House and other public buildings in the nation's capital in August, the British then sailed up the Chesapeake Bay to attack Baltimore, Maryland.


Monday, July 11, 2016

Fort McHenry Stamp-- Part 1: A Mighty Colorful Stamp

Today, I had a letter to mail and went to the post office in Spring Grove and was able to find a flat of Fort McHenry stamps commemorating that battle in the War of 1812.

It is a very colorful stamp showing a group of artillerists around a cannon at the the fort firing at the at the British fleet with all the shells and Congreve rockets coming at them and a huge American flag flying off to the right of them.

I don't know if this is the flag that flew during the battle or the famous one that Francis Scott Key saw flying in the early morning hours of the next day.