Thursday, June 21, 2018
Major George Armistead had commissioned a local Baltimore woman named Mary Pickersgill to make two flags for Fort McHenry. The largest one was flown the morning after the British bombardment. This is the one that inspired Francis Scott Key to write his poem.
The majority of the flag (after the pieces of fabric were cut off) was donated to the Smithsonian by Armistead's family.
This two by 3.25-inch white segment of the flag and a red 1.5 by 1.25-inch swatch are being offered for $40,000.
Wednesday, June 20, 2018
From the May 5, 2016, Daily Mail (UK) Scrap of fabrick from original Star-spangled banner which inspired inspiration for America's national anthem goes under the hammer."
"A piece of the Star-Spangled Banner which floated over Fort McHenry during the bombardment...."
This is a piece that goes for sale for the first time. The original flag was kept by Major George Armistead. Small sections of it would be removed and given to various military figures. This took away the final eight feet of the flag.
So, A Piece of the Famous Flag Goes on Auction. --Brock-Perry
Tuesday, June 19, 2018
Francis Scott Key's "Defence of Fort McHenry" was published in newspapers and then set to music. The "Star-Spangled Banner" was recognized as the National Anthem in 1931.
Over the years, souvenir seekers snipped away bits of the flag. This is how the museum in Fayetteville came to get the snippet they have on loan.
The main part of the flag is now in the Smithsonian in Washington, D.C..
The "You're a Grand Old Flag" exhibit opened May 22 and will continue until July 8.
The exhibit also contains a 48-star flag (the one used in World War II) and a 40-star one. But the scrap of the Fort McHenry flag is drawing the most attraction.
Monday, June 18, 2018
The scrap of that famous flag is on loan to the Airborne & Special Operations Museum from the Star-Spangled Flag House & Museum in Baltimore, Maryland. It is in a frame and under glass with a card and envelope from Laura Emory, who died in 1967 at the age of 78. The scrap was found among her personal effects.
The flag flew over Fort McHenry during the British bombardment of the fort September 13-14, 1814.
The bombardment and flag flying was witnessed by Francis Scott Key, a lawyer and amateur poet who then was inspired to write the poem "Defense of Fort McHenry.
Saturday, June 16, 2018
From the June 13, 2018, Fayetteville (NC) Observer "This scrap of flay inspired the 'Star-Spangled Banner'"
The Airborne & Special Operations Museum at Fort Bragg, located by Fayetteville has a very special fragment of a flag in its "Grand Old Flag" exhibit. It is a small scrap of the famous flag that flew over Fort McHenry and inspired Francis Scott Key to write what today is the "Star-Spangled Banner," our National Anthem.
This article also included a quiz "How much do you know about the American flag?" It consists of 12 questions, some easy, others really hard. I got nine correct, even though I had lucky guesses on some of them. They will even rate you. I rated "Real Patriot." Not to brag, BUT....
Type in the name of the article and pick the one by the Fayetteville Observer in your search.
Friday, June 15, 2018
Earlier this month I wrote about Horse Island by Sackets Harbor, New York, and then wrote about the First Battle of Sackets Harbor.
In July 2017, the 24-acre Horse Island was acquired by the Civil War Trust, which has enlarged its efforts to include War of 1812 and American Revolution site preservation. This was the first grant in the United States made for a War of 1812 site under the National Park Service battlefield grants program.
During the War of 1812, the British used the island as a staging area and the Second Battle of Sackets Harbor took place here. (I guess I'll have to write about this battle next.)
Because of its location by Sackets Harbor, on March 3, 1831, Congress authorized $4,000 for a lighthouse on Horse Island. A new one was built in 1870.
Thursday, June 14, 2018
The Second Continental Congress adopted the U.S. flag on this date in 1777.
Of course, probably the most famous American flag is the one that flew over Fort McHenry in Baltimore during the War of 1812. This is the one that inspired a certain poem by a certain man which has much significance today.
And, of course, there is that one sport's well-paid athletes who refuse to stand for the song associated with that flag.
Anyway, I have my flags up, do you?
But, the cemetery's origins did not begin until 1864, when Abraham Lincoln established national cemeteries. The reason was to have places to bury those killed in the Civil War.
About half the graves at Chalmette National Cemetery are those of Civil War soldiers and there are 16,000 altogether dating from the War of 1812 to the Vietnam War.
The gravestones get smaller until some are just eight by eight inches square for those who are unknown. About half of the Civil war soldiers are unknown, many of them having been hastily buried where they fell in fighting and then later removed to the national cemetery.
Wednesday, June 13, 2018
From the May 28, 2018, WGNO (New Orleans) "NOLA 300: Memories of wars past at Chalmette National Cemetery" by Mark Deane.
The cemetery is located right next to Chalmette Battlefield where Andrew Jackson's outnumbered hodge-podge American army defeated the British at the famed Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812.
The Chalmette National Cemetery also contains the remains of four War of 1812 veterans.
Tuesday, June 12, 2018
Indigenous Warriors Helped Save the Day at Battle of Queenston Heights-- Part 3: "The More Game, the Better the Hunting"
Canadian militia warned the Indians that the battle was lost and they best turn around and leave. There were just too many American troops that they faced.
One of the Indians replied with one of the best quotes in Canadian history, "The more game, the better the hunting."
The Indians fell in on the Americans and though outnumbered, forced them to fight desperately.
Thousands of American militia were still being held in reserve at Lewiston. These men were generally unhappy as for weeks they had received poor food and were never issued tents. They were ordered to cross the river to support the American troops. But the sounds of battle and above all, the sound of the Six Nation warrior war cries convinced them to stay put.
This allowed time for British reinforcements to reach the fight and rout the demoralized U.S. troops. Almost a thousand of them were captured.
The first part of the plan to capture Upper Canada involved 1,400 American troops crossing the Niagara River from Lewiston, New York, and seizing the heights. At the time of the attack, there were no trees on Queenston Heights and it offered a commanding view and control of the surrounding countryside.
The invaders captured an important British battery and General Brock was mortally wounded trying to lead his troops in its recapture. Things were going very badly for the British soldiers, their Canadian militia and several escaped American slaves.
But, at the critical moment, a force of 200 Six Nation warriors came jogging into the the scene from Fort George.
Monday, June 11, 2018
From the June 3, 2018, Niagara This Week.com "Indigenous warriors turned the tide of the Battle of Queenston Heights" by Paul Forsyth.
"War cries helped convince American reinforcements in Lewiston to refuse to join the fray."
Major General Isaac Brock has a monument at Queenston Heights where he was killed by a musket shot. But, most Canadians do not know of the important role Indians played in the British victory.On October 13, 1812, just months after the United States declared war on Britain, the Americans were planning for their conquest of Upper Canada starting with the capture of Niagara.
--Brock-Perry The Brock stands for Isaac Brock
Sunday, June 10, 2018
Near the end of the battle, the flagship of the British ships, the Royal George, was hit by a 24-pdr shot in its stern and it went through her, killing eight and doing much damage.
The British fleet withdrew and the American band struck up "Yankee Doodle" and three victory cheers rose up.
On July 24, 1812, General Jacob Brown attributed the American victory to Woolsey, Bellinger and Camp. He gave special regards to the crew of the 32-pdr. One of them was Julius Torry, a black man known as Black Julius.
The American Battlefield Trust and its partners have bought 25 acres of the battlefield. This must be Horse Island.
Monday, June 4, 2018
Captain Woolsey left the Oneida in charge of a lieutenant and went ashore to direct those guns. He placed the 32-pounder under command of sailing master William Vfirst baughan.
The British fleet moved in. The first shot from the American 32-pdr failed to hit any of the British ships and hoots of derision rose from them.
The British returned fire and the engagement went on for two hours.
Most of the British shot were reported accurate, but the Americans inflicted many gits and their adversary.
Sunday, June 3, 2018
The British dropped anchor and the Oneida anchored at Navy Point with its nine-gun broadside aimed at the enemy. The ship's other guns on the opposite side were hastily taken ashore and put in defensive positions along the shoreline.
This was near where a 32-pdr. gun that had been intended for the Oneida but found to be too heavy had been mounted on a pivot.
In Sackets Harbor, alarm guns were fired and the call went out to local militias to come help, but most did not arrive in time to take part in the battle.
The British were not expecting the Americans to have any significant ordnance, but soon found otherwise.
Saturday, June 2, 2018
There were two ships in the British service by the name of Prince Regent. The one I mentioned in the last post was the Provincial Marine's Prince Regent which i will write about in the next post.
There was also another HMS Prince Regent. This one was a Royal Navy ship and was launched in 18 46-60 guns. It was built at Kingston, Upper Canada and took part in the raid on Fort Oswego.
It was later renamed HMS Kingston in 1814 and was sold in 1832.
Friday, June 1, 2018
On Sunday, July 19, 1812, Captain Melancthon Taylor Woolsey of the USS Oneida discovered five British warships off Sackets Harbor. They belonged to the Provincial Marine and were the Royal George (24 guns), Prince Regent (22 guns), Earl of Moira (22 guns), Governor Simcoe (10 guns) and Seneca (2 guns).
The British captured a merchant ship and sent its crew ashore with demands for the surrender of the USS Oneida and the Lord Nelson, a merchant ship captured before war was declared. The Americans were told that if a shot was fired at the British, they would burn Sackets Harbor.
The Oneida attempted to escape, but was turned back to Navy Point by British guns.
The battle was fought July 19, 1812 when a British attack was repelled and the important shipyard where eventually 12 American warships were built was saved.
Sackets Harbor is on the southeast shore of Lake Ontario in northern New York state.
Following the battle, the defenses of Sackets Harbor were greatly strengthened. Eventually there were several thousand troops stationed in and around Sackets Harbor as well as some 3,000 people working at the Navy shipyard.
As a result, during this period of time Sackets Harbor became the fourth largest town in the state.
It is great that this organization, which, of course, does so much to preserve Civil War battlefields has expanded its objective to preserving American revolution and War of 1812 ones as well.
Their latest success in the War of 1812 has been to purchase the 24 acres of Horse Island, near Sackets Harbor.
To read more about it, go to my Saw the Elephant Civil War blog for today. You can get to it by clicking on the My Blog List area to the right of this.