Friday, October 28, 2016

Turncoat Led Raid to Burn Newark-- Part 1: Joseph Willcocks

From the November 1, 2015, Niagara Falls Review (Canada) by Tom Villemaire.

Joseph Willcocks couldn't decide which side to fight for.  He was born in Ireland and had a love-hate relationship with both the governments of the United States and Canada.  Born in the family of a middle class British family in Ireland, he was fairly wealthy and came to the Upper Canada in 1799.

He was sheriff of York (Toronto) and assisted judges while becoming a large landowner with over 1000 acres on the Niagara Peninsula.  Later he established a newspaper which was critical of the United States and was elected to the Lower Assembly.


Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Jacob Nicholas Jones' Namesakes

From Wikipedia.

Three U.S. Navy ships have been named USS Jacob Jones as well as Jones Island in Washington state.

**USS JACOB JONES (DD-61)--  Tucker-class destroyer commissioned in 1916 and damaged by a torpedo from U-53 and scuttled during World War I.

**  USS JACOB JONES (DD-130)--  Wickes-class destroyer, commissioned in 1919 and sunk by torpedo from the U-578 February 1942 off the coast of the U.S.

**  USS JACOB JONES (DE-130)--  Edsall-class destroyer escort commissioned in 1943 and decommissioned in 1946.


Jacob Nicholas Jones Postwar Career

From Wikipedia.

He was a commodore in the U.S. Mediterranean Squadron 1821-1823 and in the Pacific squadron 1826-1829.  During the period between these sea duties, he was a Navy Commissioner in Washington, D.C..

He held commands ashore in Baltimore and New York in the 1830s and 1840s.  His final command assignment  was at the Philadelphia Naval Asylum from 1847 to his death in 1850.  That answers my question yesterday as to what he did at the asylum.


Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Jacob Nicholas Jones

From Together We Served site.  List of and dates of U.S. Navy Service.

1799-1801   USS United States
1801-1803   USS Philadelphia
1801-1805   Prisoner of War, Algeria

1805-1810   U.S. Navy
1810-1812   USS Wasp
1813-1814   USS Macedonian

1815   USS Macedonian
1816-1818   USS Guerriere
1818-1821   U.S. Navy

1821-1823   Mediterranean Squadron
1823-1826   U.S. Navy Board of Commissioners
1826-1827   Pacific Squadron

1829-1847   U.S. Navy
1847-1850  U.S. Naval Asylum

Not sure about the last place he was.  Did he command it or was he in it?


War of 1812 Naval Hero Jacob N. Jones Inducted Into Delaware Maritime Hall of Fame

From the November 2, 2015, Cape "Delaware Maritime Hall of Fame holds induction" by Steven Bishop.

This was held October 17, 2015, at Lewis Yacht Club.  Among the inductees was War of 1812 hero Captain Jacob N. Jones, a naval officer.

He was raised in Lewis during the Revolutionary War and was later a doctor in that town and Clerk of the Delaware Supreme Court.


Monday, October 24, 2016

Lt. Col. Seymour Boughton, Killed at the Battle of Buffalo

In Friday's post, I mentioned the death of Lt. Col. Seymour Boughton at the battle.

He commanded a new unit added to the Ontario County (NY) Militia, the 12th Regiment Cavalry, on May 23, 1812.  He was killed and scalped by Indians as he fled from the burning town of Buffalo.

From the July 23, 2013, Inside the Conservator's Studio.'

The red silk sash that belonged to Lt. Col. Seymour Boughton was brought to them to prepare for a showing at a local history exhibit in the area.

Boughton commanded a unit of 129 men of the 12th Regiment Cavalry, 1st Brigade Ontario County Militia.  He was from the town of Avon and died December 30, 1813, at the Battle of Buffalo, also called the Battle of Black Rock.

His sash is not ornate, but does feature a weave structure known as "sprang."


Friday, October 21, 2016

The Battle of Buffalo-- Part 4: Casualties

British losses:  25 regulars, 3 militia and 3 Indians killed,  63 regulars. 6 militia and 3 Indians wounded.  9 regulars missing.  The Americans report taking five prisoners.

American losses:  50 killed, 52 wounded.  Among the dead was Lt. Col. Boughton.  Canadian newspapers reported 67 captured Americans, including Lt. Col. Chapin.

Also, the Americans lost 8 pieces of artillery.


The Battle of Buffalo-- Part 3: Two Towns Sacked and Razed

Gen. Amos Hall then took personal command at Black Rock.  As dawn broke, he directed a heavy cannonade and musketry at the British.  Riall advanced at the center and sent troops to attack the American right flank.

When the right flank broke and fled off in a rout, Hall was forced to order a general retreat of the whole American army in order not to be enveloped.  The British followed all the way to Buffalo, two miles away.  There they sacked and burned every building but four, destroyed the navy yard as well as three armed schooners: the Chippawa, Ariel and Little Belt.

They then returned to Black Rock and there they did the same to all but one building.


Thursday, October 20, 2016

The Battle of Buffalo-- Part 2: An Earlier Action Preceding the Battle of Black Rock

Lt. General Gordon Drummond was newly appointed Lt. Governor of Upper Canada, and was planning an offensive against the American side of the Niagara River.

In the early morning hours of December 18, 1813, a force under Col. John Murray captured Fort Niagara.  Another force under Major General Phineas Riall raided the American side of the river and destroyed Lewiston, Youngstown, Manchester and Tuscarora as well as small settlements around Fort Schlosser.

U.S. troops halted Riall and he recrossed the Niagara River, but with the intentions of attacking Black Rock and Buffalo.  With him he had 965 British regulars, 50 Canadian militia and 400 natives.  To oppose him, American General Amos Hall had more soldiers, 2,011, but they were all militia.

Riall crossed the Niagara River around midnight December 29, 1813, two miles downstream (north) of Black Rock, and easily effected a landing, driving a few Americans away.  General Hall then sent militia to investigate the fighting, but they were quickly driven off.


Wednesday, October 19, 2016

The Battle of Buffalo-- Part 1: The Burning of Newark

From Wikipedia.

Also known as the Battle of Black Rock.

Took place near the Niagara River in western New York in what was called the Niagara Frontier.

British forces drove off a hastily-organized defense by militia and then engaged in considerable plundering and destruction.

This occurred in retaliation for the American burning of the Upper Canadian village of Newark (now Niagara-On-the-Lake).

Brigadier General George McClure, New York militia, commander of Fort George, decided to abandon that post December 10, 1813, and ordered that the neighboring village of Newark be destroyed.  He gave the people there only a few hours notice and then turned them out on a cold winter's night and then burned all but one of their 150 buildings to the ground.

Setting the Stage.  --Brock-Perry

Amos Hall-- Part 3: Loss of Buffalo and Later Life

Daylight of December 30, 1813, found Gen. Amos Hall's force marching to Black Rock with 1,200 militia and some Seneca Indian warriors.  This force attacked the British and did well until Hall ordered a withdrawal to prevent them from being enveloped by the British.

At this point, all discipline among the militia disintegrated and it turned into a rout.  The British took Black Rock and burned the entire village.

Hall now had some 800 men at nearby Buffalo and they lost that as well.  The British proceeded to burn the town as well as five ships tied up there.  Hall had at least 140 casualties in this action.

General Hall was subsequently blamed for the losses at Black Rock and Buffalo and removed from command in early winter 1814.  He remained with the militia until 1818 when he resigned with the rank of major general.

The rest of his life he was a prominent citizen of western New York until his death in West Bloomfield on December 28, 1827.


Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Amos Hall-- Part 2: Lost the Battle of Black Rock (Also Called the Battle of Buffalo)

Amos Hall's militia force was inexperienced, poorly trained and poorly equipped to face the veteran British soldiers who were coming at them.  (However, Hall had been their commander so has to take some of the blame for their being poorly trained.)

Meanwhile, in Canada, Lt. General Sir Gordon Drummond was planning attacks on Buffalo and nearby Black Rock in retaliation for American General George McClure's destruction of Newark in Upper Canada a short time earlier.

By December 28, 1813, Amos Hall had deployed his American militia units inside of and along the periphery of Black Rock.  That night, British troops crossed the Shogeoquady Creek and Hall's militia fled.  American losses in the action amounted to around 800, most of whom had deserted or were in hiding.

Not a very good effort on the American side for this action.


Monday, October 17, 2016

Amos Hall-- Part 1: Thrown Into the Fight

From the Encyclopedia of the War of 1812.

Helped form the local militia in New York and held commissions in it for many years before the War of 1812.  Saw limited action in the early stages of the war, but became a brigadier general.

When the the highly unpopular Brigadier General George McClure was removed from command on the Niagara Frontier in mid-December 1813, Hall succeeded him on December 25.

Fearing a British attack on Buffalo, Hall arrived the following day and established his headquarters between Buffalo and Black Rock in hopes of defending both, but he lacked the troops and resources to do it.


Friday, October 14, 2016

7th Connecticut (American Revolution)-- Part 6: Stephen Hall Also Served in the 10th Connecticut

From Historic Register of Officers in the Continental Army.

Stephen Hall (Connecticut)

1st Lieutenant 1st May to 20th December 1775.

1st Lieutenant 10th Connecticut Infantry, 1st January to 31st December 1776

Captain 7th Connecticut, 1st January 1777.  Retired 1st January 1781.

Died 25 April 1783.


7th Connecticut Infantry (American Revolution)-- Part 5: Officers of Stephen Hall's Company

From Record of Connecticut Men in Military and Naval Service During the Revolution.

7th Connecticut Infantry

3rd Company

Captain Stephen Hall

1st Lieutenant--  Jebiel Meigs, Jr.

2nd Lieutenant--  Ebenezer Fowler, Jr.

Ensign--  David Dufley


Thursday, October 13, 2016

7th Connecticut Infantry-- Part 4: Captain Stephen Hall's Company

From Archives, rootsweb.

This information applies to Captain Hall's company.

Captain Stephen Hall; January 10, 1777:  4 sergeants; 4 corporals; 2 musicians (I would think Amos Hall was one of these two); 61 privates.

During the course of their service in the American Revolution  11 died, 8 deserted and 1 was a prisoner.

Where the company enlisted from:  54 unknown, 10 from Guilford (one of these likely Amos Hall), 6 from Walling and one each from Glastonburg and New Milford.


7th Connecticut Infantry-- Part 3: At Valley Forge in the Revolution

I did some more research on the 7th Connecticut, trying to find information on Amos Hall or his father.

From Valley Forge Legacy:  The Muster Roll Project.

The 7th Connecticut Regiment was organized January 1777 at New Medford, Connecticut, with men coming from Litchfield, Fairfield, New Haven and New London counties.

The regiment entered Valley Forge with 536 men, 358 fit for duty.

The 7th left Valley Forge with the 1st Connecticut Regiment and had 869 men, 551 fit for duty.  (I am assuming this meant that it was put in with the 1st Connecticut.

Before Valley Forge, the 7th Connecticut had participated in the defense of Philadelphia.

The 7th was commanded by Col. Heman Swift.  Lt.Col. was Josiah Starr and major was John Sedwick.

There were eight companies and one was commanded by Captain Stephen Hall.


Wednesday, October 12, 2016

7th Connecticut-- Part 2: Nathan Hale Was In It

I found another source on the 7th Connecticut during the American revolution which said that a Nathan Hale commanded the Third Company of this regiment.

He was commissioned a lieutenant July 6, 1775, and promoted to captain September 1, 1775.  A discharge was given him on December 10, 1775.

Wikipedia lists him as being born in Coventry, Connecticut where he joined that colony's militia before being appointed 1st lieutenant in the 7th Connecticut.

I Sure Didn't Know This.  --Brock-Perry

There Was Also a 7th Connecticut Infantry in the Civil War

This regiment took part in several coastal operations and were at the Florida Battle of Olustee and the Second Battle of Fort Fisher.


Tuesday, October 11, 2016

7th Connecticut Infantry-- Part 1: American Revolution

In the last few posts, I mentioned that Amos Hall was a captain in the 7th Connecticut Infantry during the American Revolution and that he entered the military as a fifer in his father's regiment.  I felt that had Amos hall been born as listed in 1761, that would have made him quite young to be a captain during the Revolutionary War.

I did a little more research on this regiment.


The 7th Connecticut Infantry was raised September 16, 1776 at New Milford, Connecticut.  It saw action at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth.

It was merged with the 5th Connecticut on January 1, 1781, at West Point, New York and disbanded November 15, 1783.

I found no mention of a Captain Amos Hall in the unit.

But, in the last post I mentioned that he had been a fifer in his fathers's regiment and that was the 7th Connecticut.  And, his father was Stephen Hall and rose to the rank of captain in it.