Friday, February 5, 2016

Companies From Ohio's Scioto County-- Part 4: The Surrender of Detroit

On August 16, 1812, General William Hull surrendered Detroit without firing a shot.  "It has always been  an unsettled question whether General Hull treacherously sold the army to Brock, the British General, or was too imbecile to make any defense.  However, the surrender was complete, and Hull was branded a traitor."

The American Army, along with the Scioto County companies of David Roop and John Lucas, received parole and were put on transports and landed at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River and made their way home the best they could.

Peter Noel and his three brothers commenced walking home across Ohio, but their father got word of their return and took horses to Circleville where they met.  They rode home.

The companies lost just one man in their brief service.  He died in Detroit.

Colonels Cass and McArthur were away from Detroit when Hull surrendered and it is believed that had they been there, Hull would not have surrendered.


The Companies From Ohio's Scioto County-- Part 3; Hull Invades Canada

While on the march to Detroit, war between the United States and Britain was  declared.  But dispatches about the declaration fell into British hands before reaching William Hull.  Otherwise, he would have easily been able to capture Malden (Fort Malden) and then it is likely that all of Upper Canada would have fallen.

After arriving at Detroit, Hull crossed over the river into Canada and probably still would have been able to capture Malden had he brought even two or three siege guns along with him.  He ended up having to return to Detroit.

Once back, Mr. Cadot sent out a foraging expedition which led to the Battle of Brownstown where the American force was soundly defeated and beat a hasty retreat back to Detroit.


Thursday, February 4, 2016

The Battle of Brownstown on August 8, 1812

From Wikipedia.

The battle, actually more of a skirmish, was an early War of 1812 engagement where U.S. forces outnumbered British forces by an 8-1 margin but lost it with substantial losses.  It took place near Brownstown, a Wyandot Indian village south of Fort Detroit on Brownstown Creek.  The site is near present day Carlson High School in Gibraltar, Michigan.

On August 5, 1812, Major Thomas Van Horne and 200 soldiers were en route to the River Raisin to get cattle and needed supplies when two dozen warriors, led by Tecumseh attacked, putting the Americans into confusion.

Van Horne ordered a retreat, but the untrained militia, which made up most of his force scattered.  The result was that 18 Americans were killed, 12 wounded and 70 missing.  The Indians lost one killed.  Most of the American missing found their way to Detroit over the next several days.

Josiah Snelling was cited for bravery at the battle and promoted to major.  By an Act of Congress on June 1, 1813, the widows of the men killed at Brownstown were given half pay for five years.


The Companies From Ohio's Scioto County-- Part 2

While on the march to Detroit, war was declared between the U.S. and England.  Unfortunately, the dispatches from Washington about the war declaration fell into British hands.  Otherwise, it would have been easy to capture Malden and then, possibly, all of Upper Canada.  Malden refers to British Fort Malden, across the river from Detroit.

The British also intercepted provisions and stores being forwarded to Hull's army.

Captain John Luca's company and David Roop's companies were both along in this march.

William Hull's army marched to Detroit and crossed the river into Canada and could have taken Fort Malden if he had brought along two or three siege guns.  He returned to Detroit.

Mr. Cadot sent out a foraging expedition and was in the Battle of Brownstown where he was soundly defeated and made a hasty retreat.


Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Captains Roop and Lucas' Companies from Scioto County-- Part 1: Formation and March to Detroit

From the History of the Lower Scioto Valley, Ohio.

In the spring of 1812, Governor Meigs of Ohio issued a call for volunteers to defend the state from Indians and the increasing tension with England.   He called for two regiments of volunteers and Scioto County provided two companies..

The first company was commanded by David Roop and went to Chillicothe where they received their arms and equipment.  Then they went to Dayton where they met up with volunteers from Cincinnati and the Miami Valley.  Here they were organized into the First Ohio regiment under the command of Col. Duncan McArthur.

From there they went to Urbana, then on the frontier.  They joined the small army of General Hull and marched through the wilderness to Detroit.


A Third Company From Scioto County?: Lt. David Storer's Company

From same source as yesterday.

Roll of Lieut. David Storer' Company (Probably Scioto County)

Served July 28,-Aug. 28, 1813.

The other twocompanies mention yesterday both served April 27-Sept. 30, 1812, so there must have been another emergency to get this group called to service.

Lt. David Storer
Ensign James Hutton


Adam Logen
James Smith


William Hower
Isaac Wooley

16 privates

This was a much smaller group and led by only a lieutenant instead of a captain.


Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Roll of Captain John Lucas' Company

From the Ohio Military Index.

Yesterday I also mentioned this company as being from Scioto County and serving in the war.

They are listed as being from Scioto County.

Captain John Lucas
Lieutenant Dennis Murphy
Ensign Joseph Barber


William Baird
Jeremiah Downing
Robert Darlington
Richard Hammell
William Clerk


William Nice
Robert Givens
Richard McAuley
Noah Davis

43 privates listed.


Roll of Capt. David Rupe's (Roop) Company

From Ohio Military Index.

Yesterday I mentioned two companies raised from Ohio's Scioto County.  One was Captain David Roop's Company.

The company was listed as probably from Scioto County.

Served from April 27 to September 30, 1812.

Captain David Rupe (Roop)
Lt. Thomas Arnold
Ensign Richard McDougal  (the Army had this rank back then as well as Navy)


Benjamin Rankins
James Cochran
William Coberly
Mesbach Plowman


Beasan Faily
John Carey
Thomas Blivins
Daniel Rardin

Drummer Enos Mustard and 45 privates  (listed art site)


Monday, February 1, 2016

War of 1812 Scioto Valley Volunteers

From the Scioto Valley Volunteers Chapter, Portsmouth, Ohio Society of the Daughters of 1812 site.

This is a fairly new chapter, having been established in 2013.

On March 24, 1803, the Ohio general Assembly authorized the creation of Scioto County.  After the War of 1812, the counties of Lawrence, Pike and Jackson were formed from Scioto County in 1815 and 1816.

The people of Scioto Valley, Ohio, are primarily descendants of men who fought in Lord Dunsmore's War and the American Revolution.  Indians were a constant treat and when the U.S. declared war on Britain in 1812, county men flocked to the colors.  Two companies were formed, one under the command of Captain David Roop and the other under Captain John Lucas.

They were involved in 2 or 3 severe skirmishes.


Portsmouth Ohio

From Wikipedia and Waymarking.

In the last post, I wrote about Tracy Park in Portsmouth, Ohio, having a War of 1812 marker dedicated this past October.

Tracy Park is like the town green for Portsmouth.  It is located between 9th and Gay streets and has a central Civil War memorial and other ones dedicated to other wars.  It is a gathering place for community events like concerts, rallies and parades.

Portsmouth is located on the Ohio River, just east of where the Scioto River flows into it.  Flooding has been a problem over the years, but has been helped by the construction of a massive flood wall after the Flood of 1937.  A famous series of murals have been painted along it.

Some famous folks from Portsmouth have included country singer Earl Thomas Conley, singer and cowboy star Roy Rogers and WGN radio in Chicago personality Wally Phillips.


U.S. Daughters of 1812, Scioto Valley Volunteers Holds Ceremony

From the October 22, 2015, Community Commons "Memorial Monument dedicated.

On October 3, the U.S. Daughters of 1812, Scioto Valley Volunteers (SVV) Chapter had a dedication ceremony in Portsmouth, Ohio's Tracy Park of a memorial monument in memory of War of 1812 veterans.

They also had a salute to a War of 1812 flag and a brief history of Scioto County in the war.  The monument was donated by Flowers Monument Company of Lucasville.


Friday, January 29, 2016

USMA Class of 1806: Ethan Alphonso Allen-- Part 2

Cullum's Registry.

No. 22  Was a cadet Dec. 10, 1804, to November 14, 1806 when graduated and promoted to 2nd Lt. Regiment of Artillerists.  First Lt. Oct. 1, 1809.

During the War of 1812 at Norfolk and Craney Island, Va. 1812-1813.  At lake Champlain in 1814.

Transferred to Corps of Artillerists May 12, 1814.

Captain Corps of Artillerists July 25, 1814.

Craney Island 1815-1821.  Superintendent of Regimental Recruiting Services 1818-1828.

Resigned 1821.

Civilian History:  U.S. Inspector of Customs on Canada Frontier 1821-1823. Farmer in Norfolk County, Va. 1823-1833.  merchant Norfolk, Va. 1833-1834.

Died Jan. 6, 1855 in Norfolk County, age 66.

USMA Class of 1806: Ethan Alphonso Allen-- Part 1

Ethan Alphonso Allen was born the same year, 1789,  his father died, the famous Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen of Green Mountain Boys fame..Allen's two youngest sons both graduated from the USMA and his grandson Ethan Allen Hitchcock was a Union general during the Civil War.

Ethan Alphonso Allen is buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Norfolk, Virginia.

Born October 24, 1789 in Vermont.  Died January 6, 1855 in Norfolk, Virginia.  His father, Ethan Allen died February 12, 1789.


Thursday, January 28, 2016

USMA Class of 1806: Thomas Bennett

From Cullum's Register.  Graduate #21.

No. 21Appointed from New Jersey.  Cadet USMA July 8, 1803, to Nov. 14, 1806. Graduated and appointed 2nd Lt. in Regiment of Artillerists (RoA).  Served in various garrisons along Atlantic coast 1806-1812.  1st Lt. RoA Aug. 1, 1809 and Captain RoA June 20, 1813.

Duty at Fort Independence, Massachusetts and Fort Constitution, New Hampshire during the War of 1812.

Garrison at New London, Ct. 1815-1816, Pittsfield, Mass. 1816, Castine, Maine 1816-1817 and Portsmouth, New Hampshire 1817-1818.

Died at Fort Constitution, N.H. on September 26, 1818, at age 30.  Fort Constitution guarded Portsmouth, N.H..


Class of 1806: Joseph Proveaux-- Part 3: Passionate About Dueling

Joseph Proveaux was nominated for the USMA from South Carolina and was one of the first cadets at that institution.

From the "Memoirs of Gen. Joseph Swift"  He was USMA graduate #1 in 1802.  One of a class of two members and future superintendent of the academy.

He had this to say about Joseph Proveaux:  "Joseph Proveaux from Charleston, S.C., a youth of seventeen, of generous spirit but passionate, addicted to dueling and much opposed to study."

 Proveaux must have been quite a character and live wire.I can find little about his death, but several sources say he was killed on November 10, 1813, in a duel.


Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Class of 1806: Joseph Proveaux-- Part 2: A Revolutionary Father

Joseph Proveaux was a West Point cadet of Artillerists and Engineers.

From Anthony Proveaux site.

There was a Captain Adrian Proveaux who fought in the American Revolution.  He was born in Hispaniola and came to the colonies to fight for independence.  He was at Charleston, S.C. and fought at the Battle of Fort Sullivan (later renamed Fort Moultrie).  Was a member of the Society of Cincinnati made up of former American officers.

Resided in Charleston afterwards and had three sons, one of whom was Joseph Proveaux.


Class of 1806: Joseph Proveaux-- Part 1: One of the First Cadets

From Cullom's Register.

Cadet at USMA to November 14, 1806.  Graduated as the 20th USMA member and assigned to 2nd Light Artillery.

Served in garrisons at Atlantic posts 1806-1812  On duty in South 1812-1813 in the Regiment of Artillery.

Died Nov. 10, 1813 at ____, age 30.  From South Carolina.

One of nine cadets when West Point opened on July 4, 1802.


Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Trees for the USS Constitution-- Part 4

Essentially, the USS Constitution had 24-inches of extremely strong wood.  This caused the smaller British cannons to fire cannon balls that seemed just to bounce off the sides of the Constitution earning her the name "Old Ironsides."

For the upcoming repairs, most of the planks will be 30-40 feet long and six inches thick and must have no defects.

Even after being afloat for most of 200 years, some 12% of the wood in the Constitution is original.  Most all of the keel, bottom frames and probably the bottom 13 planks have never had to be replaced.

A grove of trees at Crane was officially named "Constitution Grove" on May 8, 1776, during the nation's Bicentennial.


Trees for the USS Constitution-- Part 3: Revolutionary Construction

Continued from January 15, 2016.

The strength of the USS Constitution's sides came from a revolutionary design by shipbuilder Joshua Humphreys called "frame and space."

The outer layer was of white oak planking up to seven inches thick on top of 12 inches of live oak frames, followed by an inner layer of white oak planking up to five inches thick.

There was only a gap of two inches between the pairs of white oak frame.


Monday, January 25, 2016

West Point Class of 1806-- Part 3

There were 15 members of this, the largest class to graduate from West Point since its first class in 1806.  Of them, one was killed in battle, Eleazor D. Wood.

Five more died during the War of 1812:  William Partridge, Prentiss Willard, Joseph Proveaux, Robert Lucas and John D. Wyndham.

One, Pascal Vincent Bouis, died before the war in 1811.

There were quite a few French names in the list, probably reflecting an attempt by the government to get persons in the newly acquired Louisiana Territory into the the Army.

They were Pascal Vincent Bouis, Auguste Chouteau, Charles gratoit and Joseph Proveaux and possibly Louis Loramier.