Saturday, December 3, 2016

The Dawson Massacre-- Part 2: Surrendered, But Fighting Continued

On September 11, 1842, the Mexican Army occupied San Antonio.  Matthew Caldwell organized 210 militia and marched against them.  On September 17, he sent a small band of Rangers to San Antonio to draw the Mexicans out.

A separate company of 54 Texans, mostly from the Fayette County area, under the command of Nicholas Dawson arrived and advanced on the Mexicans.  After much fighting, they were surrounded by the larger Mexican force and surrendered.

But, the fighting continued and Dawson and 36 Texans were killed in the ensuing action.  Fifteen were captured and two escaped.  Zadock Woods was one of the dead.  Son Henry Woods managed a daring escape and son Norman was severely wounded, captured and died while imprisoned in Mexico.

Zadock Woods was buried in a mass grave, but was dug up and reinterred six years later at Monument Hill, Texas.


The Dawson Massacre in Texas-- Part 1: Near San Antonio

From Wikipedia.

Back on November 25th, while doing Texas War of 1812 veterans, I mentioned that Zadock Woods was killed at what is called the Dawson Massacre in 1842.  I did some more research on it.

Looks like we'll get some more Texas history.

It is also referred to as the Dawson Expedition.  Where 36 Texas militia were killed by Mexican soldiers on September 17, 1842.  (Find-A-Grave lists Zadock Woods as being killed on September 18, 1842).  It took place near San Antonio de Bexar, Texas, now San Antonio, Texas.

It was a part of the larger Battle of Salado Creek.

After Texas declared its independence, there was a quarrel over area between the Rio Grande and Nueces rivers.  Texas claimed everything to the Rio Grande but lacked the military power to hold it, resulting in Mexican military incursions.


Friday, December 2, 2016

The History of the Republic of Texas

After writing the blogs about the War of 1812 Texas Veterans, I'd have to say I really came up with a how and why history for the Republic of Texas and early years as a state.  And, I just used a small fraction of the ones listed in Texas 1812 Veterans site of Find-A-Grave.

Many of the men came from Southern states, with several moving to the colonies that wer being built.  They fought against th Mexicans in the Texas Revolution as well as the Indians..  Most did not die during the War of 1812 and did many years later.


The Grave of Moses Austin

From Find-A-Grave.

Moses Austin is  buried at the Potosi Presbyterian Cemetery in Potosi, Missouri.  He was first buried at Hazel Run and then moved to the Potosi Presbyterian Cemetery.

His grave was covered with cement to keep Texans from stealing the body.


Austinville, Missouri

From Wikipedia.

In the earlier posts on Moses Austin, I mentioned the town of Austinville, Missouri, which was named after Moses Austin.

An unincorporated community in New River in southern Wythe County, Virginia.  New River State Park is there as is the Shot Tower Historical State Park which is nearby.

Stephen F. Austin was born here.

I have driven by the Shot Tower often on I-77, but never stopped.  Hey, lead in those shoy.


Moses Austin-- Part 3: Another Failed Business and Texas Colonization

Moses Austin became founder and principal stockholder of the Bank of St. Louis, but that failed in the Panic of 1819 and he lost his entire fortune.  This most likely is where Zadock Woods ended up losing his money.  Them, Moses became involved in the colonization of Texas.

He died in 1821 of pneumonia and is buried in Potosi, Missouri.


Thursday, December 1, 2016

Moses Austin-- Part 2: Failed Business and On To Missouri

Moses Austin then moved to southwest Virginia and got into the lead business in Wythe County.  He and his brother Stephen (namesake of his son) and others industrialized the area, building several smelters and furnaces.  The small village that grew up there became known as Austinville and Moses got the name of the "Lead King."

But, he incurred debts and his company collapsed and Moses skipped out of the state to avoid imprisonment.  His next stop was Missouri for its rich lead deposits, but it was then part of Spanish Louisiana.  In 1798, he was granted land in return for declaring allegiance to the Spanish Crown.

In 1803, Missouri became part of the United States as a result of the Louisiana Purchase.


Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Moses Austin: Land Grant to Set Up American Colony in Texas

From Wikipedia.

October 4, 1761-June 10, 1821.

Back on November 23rd, I wrote about Zadock Woods being financially destroyed through business dealings with Moses Austin, who I then found out was the father of Texas' Stephen F. Austin.

American businessman and major mover in the development of the U.S. lead industry, father of Stephen F. Austin.

In 1820, Moses Austin received a land grant from the Spanish Crown and planned to establish an Anglo-American settlement in Spanish Texas, but died before his dream was realized.  On his death bed he pleaded for his son, Stephen F. Austin, to continue with the dream and he did.

Moses Austin was born in Durham, Connecticut and moved to Philadelphia in 1784, and then to Richmond, Virginia, where he married Mary Brown, from an affluent iron mining family.  His second child, Stephen F. Austin, was born in 1793.


Monday, November 28, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 34: Young, Acker and Adams

JOHN YOUNG  Feb. 13, 1795 (May 16, 1879)  Buried Davenport Cemetery in Bexar, Texas.

Born in Knox County, Tennessee.  Died in San Antonio.

JOSEPH ACKER (September 16, 1774-August 8, 1856)  Buried at Holly Springs Cemetery in Maydelle, Texas.

His War of 1812 marker lists him as a private in the Tennessee militia.    Born in Virginia.

LEMMUEL ALLEN ADAMS--  (1795-1892) Buried in Peatown Cemetery, Lakeport, Texas.

Came to Texas about 1840.  Has a War of 1812 marker on his grave which says he was a private in the Tennessee militia.

There Are Many More Listed in the Texas 1812 Veterans Site.  --Brock-Perry

Friday, November 25, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 33: Zadock Woods

In 1842, Zadock Woods and two of his sons, joined a force from Fayette County recruited by Captain Nicholas M. Dawson to fight with Matthew Caldwell's forces at Salada Creek.  On September 18, Zadock Woods was killed in a skirmish that became known as the Dawson Massacre.

His son Henry managed a daring escape, but son Norman was severely wounded.  He was captured and died at Perote Prison in Mexico.

Zadock Woods was buried in a mass grave by Salada Creek, but his body was dug up and reinterred 6 years later at Monument Hill.


Thursday, November 24, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 32: Zadock Woods: Dealing With the Austins

Zadock Woods was financially ruined in Missouri as a result of a business venture with Moses Austin, he joined Stephen Austin's Texas Colony in 1824.  he is listed as one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred.

I got interested in this first sentence in the relationship between Moses and Stephen Austin.  Was he perhaps a brother.  I looked him up, and Moses Austin was the father of Stephen F. Austin.

Zadock Woods settled first in Matagordo County and later moved north on the Colorado River to Fayette County.

There, his home near West Point, was called Woods Fort (or Woods Prairie) where it became a safe haven for settlers against Indian raids.


Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 31: Zadock Woods

ZADOCK WOODS  September 18, 1773-September 18, 1842

Buried at Monument Hill Cemetery, LaGrange, Texas.

Born in Brookfield, Massachusetts.  Married Minerva Cottle.  Moved to Missouri about 1802 and established a "fort" at Woodville, near Troy, Missouri.

During the War of 1812, Zachary Taylor garrisoned at Woods Fort and Zadock Woods later served with Jackson at New Orleans.


Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 30: James Washington Winters

James Sr. and son Benjamin hauled supplies to the San Jacinto Battlefield in 1836 where his sons William Carver, John F. and James W. Winters, Jr., were in the action in General Sidney Sherman's Second Regiment and Captain William Ware's Company.  William Carver Winters was wounded in the battle.

His brother brought him home to Old Waverly where he recovered.

The three Winter brothers at San Jacinto all received Bounty and Donation Land Grants for their service.  Their names are engraved on the bronze panel inside the San Jacinto Monument.


Monday, November 21, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 29: James Washington Winters

As a young man, he moved to Tennessee where he met and married Rhoda Beal and lived in Memphis.

With the coming of the War of 1812, he enlisted in Andrew Jackson's West Tennessee Militia and was in Thomas McCrory's regiment until 1814.  He fought at the Battle of Talladega and the Battle of Horseshoe Bend where he met a young man named Sam Houston and they became friends.

In 1835, he met Sam Houston again in San Antonio where he and his three sons joined Stephen F. Austin's army.  The two men renewed their War of 1812 friendship and traded stories.


Friday, November 18, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 28: James Washington Winters, Sr. To Texas

From "the Family of James Washington Winters, Sr." by Pauline Winters McCullough.

He started the Texas branch of the Winters family.  He was a War of 1812 veteran who left Tennessee in a covered wagon with his family in August 1834 and arrived in Nacodoches in December where he received the title to an original Spanish land grant and the same year held a headright certificate to the land that eventually became the town of Old Waverly.

Old Waverly is essentially a ghost town today, near New Waverly, Texas.  All that remains is a cemetery and a Presbyterian church.

James W. Winters' father was Thomas J. Winters, who served 84 months in George Washington's Continental Army.  The home where James was born in 1773, in Halifax, North Carolina, was robbed by Tories during the American Revolution.


Thursday, November 17, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 27: Private James Washington Winters, Sr.


Buried at Winters Memorial Park, New Waverly, Texas.

Born in Halifax County, North Carolina.  Private in Col. T. McCrory's Regiment in War of 1812.

Col. Thomas McCrory's regiment was the 2nd Regiment West Tennessee Militia.  served October 1813 to January 1814.  Part of General Isaac Roberts Second Brigade.  Fought at the Battle of Talladega on 9 November 1813.

They had enlisted for just three months and General Jackson tried to get them to stay, but only 20 men did.


Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 26: Samuel Wilson

SAMUEL WILSON (June 7, 1772-November 15, 1862)

Buried in Mustang Cemetery in Shiro, Texas, which has 175 internments.

His marker there lists him as a member of the 3rd Infantry of the Georgia Militia.

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 25: Stephen Williams

STEPHEN WILLIAMS (1786-July 2, 1846)

Born in Granville County, North Carolina.  Died Fayette County, Texas and buried in the Williams Cemetery, located on the Williams farm which has a total of seven internments.

A veteran of the War of 1812 who followed the major migration to Georgia and then Alabama before coming to Texas in 1832.  He received a land grant in 1843.  he was an ardent Baptist and did a lot for his church in its growth in Texas.

He married in 1810 in Wilkes County, Georgia.


Tuesday, November 15, 2016

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 24: 155 Listed

These are just the last page of the Texas 1812 Veterans Find-A-Grave page.  Going from John S. Roberts to John Young.  There are a total of 155 names listed.


Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 23: John Whitehorn and Hezekiah Williams III

JOHN McGLAMERY WHITEHORN (Feb. 5, 1795-March 25, 1870)

Buried in Hallsville Cemetery in Hallsville, Texas.


Buried at the Amos Barber Cemetery in Mont Belvieu, Texas.  Listed as a War of 1812 veteran in Texas.