Saturday, November 28, 2015

The Other 9 Canadian Heroes (Well, 10)

In case you're wondering about the other 9 heroes:

Elsie MacGill--  World War II

Talbot Mercer Papineau--  World War I

Billy Bishop--  World War I

General Arthur Currie--  World War I

Margaret MacDonald--  World War I

Sir William Stephenson--  World War II

Tommy Prince--  World War II

Leo Major--  World War II

Charles Henry Byce--  World War II

George McLean--  World War I

Of course, Britain and Canada refer to the wars as First World War and Second World War.


11 Canadian War Heroes

From the Nov. 9, 2015, Huffington Post Canada "11 Canadian War Heroes We Can't Forget on November 11" by Jesse Ferreras.

Two of them were from the War of 1812.


Laura Secord walked more than 30 kilometers and into Canadian history after she overheard talk of an American attack on the British at Beaver Dams in the War of 1812.  She managed to warn the English and their Mohawk allies, who were able to prepare for the attack and defeat the Americans.


Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, became a hero in the War of 1812 for his instrumental role in forcing an American surrender.  He helped British Gen. Isaac Brock attack Detroit by leading his own men through a forested area, as the English approached directly.  Today, he's considered a folk hero.

I am kind of surprised that Isaac Brock wasn't on the list.


Thursday, November 26, 2015

Remembering the Decisive Battle of Crysler's Farm

From theNov. 11, 2015, Standard-Freeholder.

An informal observance was held at the battlefield by the friends of the Crysler's Farm Battlefield.  This wa the site of a crucial and key victory in November 11, 1813, which saved Canada from American conquest.
First Nations warriors helped save the day as well.

The farm belonged to John Crysler where Lt.Col Joseph Morrison with 8u00 British and Canadian regulars, militia and First Nations men engaged some 4,000 Americans and won, stopping a thrust at Montreal.

This, along with another victory over the Americans in late October at Chateauguay, saved Canada from conquest in 1813.


Monday, November 23, 2015

Sam Houston's War of 1812 Service-- Part 2: A Sense of Honor

I found in one source that Sam Houston reportedly forced another lieutenant at the point of his sword to remove the arrow in the midst of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

The same source said that it was hard for him to get his mother's permission to join the Army because he was too young, but, eventually Elizabeth caved in, signed the paper and gave her son two gifts: a gold ring and a musket.

The ring had the word "honor" inscribed inside it.  He wore that ring until his death.

With the musket, Elizabeth said " son, take this musket and never disgrace it; for remember, I had rather all my sons should fill one honorable grave, than that one of them should turn their back to save his life.  Go, and remember, too, that while the door of my cottage is open to brave men, it is eternally shut against cowardice."

Apparently, young Sam took these words to heart.


Sunday, November 22, 2015

Sam Houston's War of 1812 Service-- Part 1: Camp Blount, Tennessee

From Wikipedia.

In the last post I mentioned that Sam Houston, much better known for his role in the history of Texas, was in Col. John Williams' 39th U.S. Infantry.  I did some more research on his role in the War of 1812.

(March 2, 1793-July 26, 1863)

In 1813 he reported for training at Camp Blount near present-day Fayetteville, Tennessee, and enlisted.  By December, he had transferred to the 39th U.S. Infantry and had risen from private to third lieutenant.

At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, he was wounded by a Creek arrow in the groin.  The wound was bandaged and he returned to the battle.  General Andrew Jackson called for volunteers to dislodge the Indians from their breastworks and Houston was eager to go.  He suffered bullet wounds in the arm and shoulder, but his men drove the Creeks away.

Afterwards, he returned to Marysville, Tennessee, as a disabled veteran but took advantage of the Army's offer of free surgery and convalesced  in a New Orleans hospital.

Andrew Jackson was impressed with Sam Houston's bravery and the two became close friends and Jackson acted as his mentor.


Saturday, November 21, 2015

Col. John Williams of the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment-- Part 2

In the War of 1812, John Williams raised a small company of 200-250 volunteers, primarily from Tennessee and Georgia, with the intention of invading Florida and attacking the Seminoles.  They invaded Florida in February 1813 and destroyed several Indian villages.  They returned to Tennessee where they were mustered out.

In June 1813, Williams was commissioned into the U.S. Army and ordered to recruit and organize the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment.  They were charged with engaging the Red Stick Creeks Indians.  Williams raised 600 troops for his regiment.

Early in 1814, they were placed under General Andrew Jackson's command, who was preparing for an expedition against the Red Sticks in Alabama.  They met at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend where the 39th formed the center of Jackson's line and captured the log barricades the Creeks had fortified along the riverbed and forced them to retreat..

Among the soldiers in the 39th were future Arkansas senator Thomas Hart Benton and future governor of Tennessee and Texas, Sam Houston.

After the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Williams went to Washington, D.C., to raise money and weapons for the 39th.  Throughout the rest of 1814, Jackson and Williams bickered over the dispersal of those weapons.,leading to them being adversaries after the war.

In 1815, he was chosen to fill Tennessee's senate seat and later won it on his own.


Colonel John Williams of the 39th U.S. Infantry-- Part 1

From Wikipedia.

(January 28, 1778-August 10, 1837)

Lawyer, soldier and U.S. senator 1815-1823.  Lost that re-election to Andrew Jackson.

Served as colonel of the 39th U.S. Infantry Regiment in the Creek War and played a key role in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on March 27, 1814.

Born in North Carolina and studied law in Salisbury in that state.  Captain of the 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment 1799-1801 and then relocated to Knoxville, Tennessee, and practiced law there.  In 1807, was appointed to be Tennessee's attorney general.

(I looked up the 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment and found that it was created in 1813.)


Friday, November 20, 2015

39th U.S. Infantry Regiment-- Part 2: Battle of Horseshoe Bend

At the Battle of Horseshoe bend, Jackson placed the 39th (because they were the best-trained) at the center of his attacking force.  They were engaged in some of the heaviest fighting and suffered 20 killed and 52 wounded, although these numbers are questioned as some say considerably more were casualties.

It is said that the Creeks lost more in that one day at Horseshoe bend than they did in all of the Indian wars.

As a result of the battle, they conceded more than a million acres to the United States.

I did not come across any mention of the regiment being with Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans.

In 1815, at the end of the war, the regiment was consolidated with the 8th and 24th regiments to form the 7th Infantry Regiment.  The flag of the 39th was given to Colonel Williams and is now on display at the East Tennessee History center in Knoxville. It was embroidered with the handiwork of Col. Williams' sister-in-law Mary Williams.


Thursday, November 19, 2015

39th Infantry Regiment (War of 1812)-- Part 1: Mainly a Tennessee Regiment

From Wikipedia.

This was the regiment in which Gen. Nathaniel Smith served as a lieutenant during the war.

Regular U.S. Army regiment authorized January 29, 1813.  recruited in the east by Col. John Williams of Tennessee and commanded by him.  Col. Williams had previously led the Mounted Volunteers of Tennessee from the eastern region of the state.

On December 31, 1813, he was ordered by Major General Thomas Pinckney to join Andrew Jackson in the Creek War.  Jackson war,y welcomed the 39th as he was having serious problems with the discipline of his militia and volunteers.


San Jacinto Texans Buried at Fort Houston Cemetery

From the Fort Houston Cemetery site.

Yesterday I mentioned these two men as being buried at the soldiers' section at the Fort Houston Cemetery in Texas along with General Nathaniel Smith, War of 1812 veteran.

JOHN W. CARPENTER--  Veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto.  Born Sept. 25, 1806 and died Oct. 12, 1838.  Killed about four miles east of Palestine in an Indian skirmish prior to the main Battle of Kickapoo, brought back to Fort Houston Cemetery and buried there.

JAMES WILSON--  Veteran San Jacinto.  Died of yellow fever in Houston September 8, 1844.

Also buried at the cemetery:

WILLIAM FROST--  The last white man killed by Indians in Anderson County.  Killed near the Trinity River at West Point sometime during the latter part of February 1841.  Son-in-law of pioneer Joseph Jordan, who donated the land for the town and cemetery.


Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Fort Houston Cemetery

From the historical plaque at the cemetery.

In 1835, 500 acres were donated for the town of Houston, later known as Fort Houston.  Part of this also included a public burying ground.

The first reported burial was an infant child.  The oldest marked grave is that of Dr. James Hunter dated 1840.

This cemetery is the only remaining physical evidence of the town which was abandoned after Palestine became county seat of Anderson County in 1846.

Burials in the cemetery often included victims of disease, Indian massacres and hardships that went along with life on the frontier.  A special soldiers' plot, marked by a large boulder, contains soldiers of the Texas Republic.

Two of them fought at the Battle of San Jacinto: John W. Carpenter and James Wilson, are buried in unmarked graves..

The final resting spot of General Nathaniel Smith, a veteran of the War of 1812, also is in the soldiers' plot.


Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 4: General Nathaniel Smith

From Find-A-Grave.

General Nathaniel Smith.  Born 1791 in Athens, Tennessee.  Died September 17, 1841, in Anderson County, Texas.

A bronze War of 1812 marker was once at his grave but disappeared in 1939.

Military Service:

Ensign, Tennessee Volunteers 1812-1813
Lieutenant, Tennessee Volunteers 1813
Lieutenant, 39th U.S. Infantry 1813-1816
Colonel, Tennessee Volunteers 1836.  Discharged a a colonel 1837.
Supervised the Cherokee Indian removal to Indian Territory 1837-1839

Served with Sam Houston and developed a long-lasting friendship.
Served with Andrew Jackson in the 1836 Seminole War.

The State of Tennessee issued Nathaniel Smith 18 land grants of 180 acres each for his military service.
Trustee of the Forest Hill Academy in Tennessee from 1826-1836.
Arrived at Fort Houston in September 1839.

At some point the Texas U.S. Daughters of 1812 dedicated a marker for him at the cemetery on Nov. 9.  This was done by the Capt. James Asbury Tait Chapter.


Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 3: General Nathaniel Smith

SMITH, GENERAL NATHANIEL  (1791-1841)  Buried at Palestine.

War of 1812 veteran.  As young lieutenant in 39th U.S. Infantry fought at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend along with Sam Houston and later in the Seminole War with Andrew Jackson.

I came across correspondence from a Gen. Nathaniel Smith who was Superintendent of Cherokee Indian Removal from 1837-1838.  Could be one in the same.  he certainly would have had connections.


Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 2: Adam Smith, Killed By Indians

RUNNELS, HIRAM-- (1796-1857)   Buried in Houston.

SMITH, ADAM TRIGG--  (1796-1841) Buried at Newcastle.  Killed by Indians while in service with the Texas Rangers.

SMITH, EZEKIAL--  (1781-1854)  Buried at Seguin.  Born in Virginia.

SMITH, ISHAM--  (1791-1867)  Buried at Gonzales County.  Veteran of Texas Revolution and Mexican War.

SMITHER, JOHN  (1779-1860)  Buried at Huntsville.  From Virginia.


Monday, November 16, 2015

Texas War of 1812 Veterans-- Part 1

From Texas 1812 Veterans site by Find-A-Grave.

While looking up the Waco veterans in the previous post, I came across this site which listed 155 War of 1812 veterans buried in Texas.  I went to the last page and looked up the names on the list.  Several of these men signed the Texas Declaration of Independence as well as the Texas Revolution.

ROBERTS, JOHN S.-- (1796-1871)  Signer of Texas Declaration of Independence.  Buried Nachagdoches.

ROBERTSON, STERLING--  (Oct. 2, 1785-March 4, 1842)  Born in Nashville, Tennessee.  Buried Austin.  Signer of Texas Declaration of Independence.  Fought at battle of New Orleans.  In 1825 received permission from Mexico to settle in Mexican Texas.  Brought 600 families with him.

ROBERTSON, STERLING CLACK--  Born and died same date so I think this is the same man listed twice.

ROWE, ROBERT--  (1793-1869)  Buried at Round Rock.


Early Waco Settlers Had Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Ties

From the Nov. 10, 2014, Waco (Texas) Trib by Regina Davis.

Seven War of 1812 veterans are buried in McLennon County.

One was the Rev. William C. Buck, first lieutenant in Virginia's 2nd Regiment.  He was later a classical language scholar and Baptist minister while living in Central Texas.  He is buried at the First Street Cemetery.

Obituaries in Waco's early newspapers also mention the War of 1812 in connection toJohn McBride, G.W.Clayton, Col. William Nally and L. Cagle as being buried in McLennon County.  These, however, are not documented.

Two other War of 1812 veterans listed are Edward Kellum Sr. and Rev. Silas Witt.


Saturday, November 14, 2015

War of 1812 Veteran Honoured-- Part 2: After the War

In case you're wondering, honoured is the British spelling.

Col. Vrooman and his two brothers came to Brock Township in 1821 and spent eight years clearing land there before registering for deed.  In 1822, he married Jane Purdy of Cobourg and had 7 children. She died in 1838 and he married Rhoda Johnsonas Manilla and had 10 more children.

He was a farmer for most of his life but interested in politics and held various public offices.  He helped develop Vroomanton as a community before dying Sept. 4, 1871 at the age of 75.  He is buried at St. James.


War of 1812 Veteran Honoured in 2014-- Part 1: Col. James Vrooman

From the Nov. 13, 2014, My by Scott Howard.

The heroism of Brook Township's Col. James Vrooman was recognized on the plaque installed at his grave at St. James United Church in Vroomanton.  The colonel's father, Adam, though living in the American colonies, remained loyal to Britain.

He later left the United States and came to Canada as a United Empire Loyalist.

Jame Vrooman was born in 1798 and joined the Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles along with his brother when the War of 1812 started.  He fought in many battles throughout Upper Canada.  Among them were the capture of the American Army at St. Regis, the storming of Ogdensburg, Raid on Oswego and the Battle of Lundy's Lane.

At the end of the war, every British veteran was awarded land.


Friday, November 13, 2015

Original Fort Recovery Plan Found

From the Nov. 17, 2014, Daily standard (Celina, Ohio) "Original 1793 fort plan found."  For Fort recovery.

The original construction plan for Fort recovery has been found according to an announcement by the Fort recovery Nazerine Church family Center.

It was likely drawn by American General Anthony Wayne.  The plat was sent in a December 22, 1793, letter to Henry Burbeck, who commanded the artillery in the Wayne Legion.

The discovery was made at the University of Michigan's Clements Library while researchers were sorting through Burbeck's papers.

According to the Fort recovery State Museum, the original plat was destroyed when Washington was burned in 1814.

The fort was built in 1793 at the site of General Arthur St. Clair's disasterous defeat by the Indians.  The fort consisted of a square 32-foot wall and a 22-foot blockhouse and as many as 300 soldiers could garrison it.


Thursday, November 12, 2015

Home of Kentucky's William Brown to be Torn Down

From the Nov. 17, 2014, State Journal, Frankfort, Kentucky "200 Year Old Home of Congressman and War of 1812 veteran to be demolished."

The Harrison County Fiscal Court voted to demolish the home of U.S. Congressman and War of 1812 veteran Colonel William Brown.  It sits in the middle of Flat Run Veterans Park and they want a swimming pool on the site.

The home looks rough on the outside but structurally sound.

During the War of 1812, he commanded a Kentucky regiment and worked closely with Henry Clay on the Missouri Compromise..  he and his family had connections to the Todd/Lincoln families as well.

I would hate to see it torn down, especially for a pool.